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Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 57, Issue 2, pp 596–608 | Cite as

The Factor Structure of the Spiritual Well-Being Scale in Veterans Experienced Chemical Weapon Exposure

  • Hamid Sharif Nia
  • Saeed Pahlevan Sharif
  • Christopher Boyle
  • Ameneh Yaghoobzadeh
  • Bahram Tahmasbi
  • G. Hussein Rassool
  • Mozhgan Taebei
  • Mohammad Ali Soleimani
Original Paper

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the factor structure of the spiritual well-being among a sample of the Iranian veterans. In this methodological research, 211 male veterans of Iran–Iraq warfare completed the Paloutzian and Ellison spiritual well-being scale. Maximum likelihood (ML) with oblique rotation was used to assess domain structure of the spiritual well-being. The construct validity of the scale was assessed using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), convergent validity, and discriminant validity. Reliability was evaluated with Cronbach’s alpha, Theta (θ), and McDonald Omega (Ω) coefficients, intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC), and construct reliability (CR). Results of ML and CFA suggested three factors which were labeled “relationship with God,” “belief in fate and destiny,” and “life optimism.” The ICC, coefficients of the internal consistency, and CR were >.7 for the factors of the scale. Convergent validity and discriminant validity did not fulfill the requirements. The Persian version of spiritual well-being scale demonstrated suitable validity and reliability among the veterans of Iran–Iraq warfare.

Keywords

Factor analysis Spiritual well-being Veteran Validity Reliability 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to express their gratitude to the patients who participated in this study.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

All the authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hamid Sharif Nia
    • 1
  • Saeed Pahlevan Sharif
    • 2
  • Christopher Boyle
    • 3
  • Ameneh Yaghoobzadeh
    • 4
  • Bahram Tahmasbi
    • 1
  • G. Hussein Rassool
    • 5
  • Mozhgan Taebei
    • 6
  • Mohammad Ali Soleimani
    • 7
  1. 1.School of Nursing and Midwifery AmolMazandaran University of Medical SciencesSariIran
  2. 2.Taylor’s Business SchoolTaylor’s University MalaysiaSubang JayaMalaysia
  3. 3.Graduate School of EducationUniversity of ExeterExeterUK
  4. 4.Tehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  5. 5.University of São Paulo at Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing - WHO Collaborating Centre for Nursing Research DevelopmentJundiaíBrazil
  6. 6.School of Nursing and Midwifery RaziKerman University of Medical SciencesKermanIran
  7. 7.Social Determinants of Health Research CenterQazvin University of Medical SciencesQazvinIran

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