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Mechanisms Behind Religiosity and Spirituality’s Effect on Mental Health, Quality of Life and Well-Being

Abstract

This cross-sectional study aims to evaluate the role of meaning, peace, faith and religiosity on mental health, quality of life (QOL) and well-being in 782 adults. We found associations between (a) meaning and peace with less depression and more QOL, (b) peace with less stress and (c) faith and religiousness with more psychological QOL. Meaning and peace were more strongly associated with health outcomes, and those with high levels of intrinsic religiosity but low levels of meaning/peace have worse outcomes than those with low religiousness and high meaning/peace. However, religious participants found great meaning and peace than nonreligious participants.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by a Grant from Natura Innovation, Brazil.

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Authors

Contributions

MFFP, HHK, PRT and GL designed and carried out the study. MFPP and GL conducted all analysis; MFPP and GL drafted the manuscript; all authors contributed to the execution of the study and approved the final draft.

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Correspondence to Mario Fernando Prieto Peres.

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Conflict of interest

MFPP and GL declares that they have no conflict of interest. HHK and PRT work at Natura Innovation, Brazil.

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Peres, M.F.P., Kamei, H.H., Tobo, P.R. et al. Mechanisms Behind Religiosity and Spirituality’s Effect on Mental Health, Quality of Life and Well-Being. J Relig Health 57, 1842–1855 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-017-0400-6

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Keywords

  • Religion and medicine
  • Spirituality
  • Optimism
  • Meaning
  • Mental health
  • Quality of life