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Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 56, Issue 6, pp 2109–2117 | Cite as

The Relationship between Religious Coping and Self-Care Behaviors in Iranian Medical Students

  • Hamid Sharif Nia
  • Saeed Pahlevan Sharif
  • Amir Hossein Goudarzian
  • Kelly A. Allen
  • Saman Jamali
  • Mohammad Ali Heydari Gorji
Original Paper

Abstract

In recent years, researchers have identified that coping strategies are an important contributor to an individual’s life satisfaction and ability to manage stress. The positive relationship between religious copings, specifically, with physical and mental health has also been identified in some studies. Spirituality and religion have been discussed rigorously in research, but very few studies exist on religious coping. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between religious coping methods (i.e., positive and negative religious coping) and self-care behaviors in Iranian medical students. This study used a cross-sectional design of 335 randomly selected students from Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Iran. A data collection tool comprised of the standard questionnaire of religious coping methods and questionnaire of self-care behaviors assessment was utilized. Data were analyzed using a two-sample t test assuming equal variances. Adjusted linear regression was used to evaluate the independent association of religious copings with self-care. Adjusted linear regression model indicated an independent significant association between positive (b = 4.616, 95% CI 4.234–4.999) and negative (b = −3.726, 95% CI −4.311 to −3.141) religious coping with self-care behaviors. Findings showed a linear relationship between religious coping and self-care behaviors. Further research with larger sample sizes in diverse populations is recommended.

Keywords

Religious coping Health improvement Self-care Medical students Iran 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors would like to express their gratitude for the cooperation of all students. This study is result of Research Project No. 44. The project was approved by Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences’ ethics committee, Sari, Iran.

Funding

The author(s) received no financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The author(s) declared no potential conflict of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hamid Sharif Nia
    • 1
  • Saeed Pahlevan Sharif
    • 2
  • Amir Hossein Goudarzian
    • 3
  • Kelly A. Allen
    • 4
  • Saman Jamali
    • 3
  • Mohammad Ali Heydari Gorji
    • 5
  1. 1.School of Nursing and Midwifery AmolMazandaran University of Medical SciencesSariIran
  2. 2.Taylor’s Business SchoolTaylor’s University MalaysiaSubang JayaMalaysia
  3. 3.Student Research CommitteeMazandaran University of Medical SciencesSariIran
  4. 4.The Melbourne Graduate School of EducationThe University of MelbourneMelbourneAustralia
  5. 5.School of Nursing and Midwifery of SariMazandaran University of Medical SciencesSariIran

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