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A 15-Year Review of Trends in Representation of Female Subjects in Islamic Bioethics Research


Gender representation in Islamic bioethics research in the twenty-first century has not been studied. To study temporal trends in representation of female subjects in Islamic bioethics research, PubMed-listed publications on Islamic bioethics from years 2000 to 2014 were reviewed for gender participation in human subjects’ research. There were temporal trends of increasing publications of Islamic bioethics-related human subjects’ research (64 papers over 15 years; R 2 = 0.72; p < 0.0004). Female subjects were well represented with a trend toward increasing participation. This was true for women from Muslim-majority countries even in non-gender-focused studies over the past 15 years.

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Correspondence to Naveed Hussain.

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All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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The article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors. All data used are public data that are freely available on the internet.

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Awarded Best Poster Presentation at the World Association of Medicine and Law (WAML) Meeting in Coimbra, Portugal. August 5, 2015.

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Hussain, Z., Kuzian, E. & Hussain, N. A 15-Year Review of Trends in Representation of Female Subjects in Islamic Bioethics Research. J Relig Health 56, 284–293 (2017).

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  • Female subjects
  • Bioethics
  • Human subjects
  • Gender
  • Islamic
  • Muslim countries