Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 56, Issue 1, pp 345–354 | Cite as

The Effect of Holy Qur’an Recitation on Depressive Symptoms in Hemodialysis Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial

  • Hassan Babamohamadi
  • Nemat SotodehaslEmail author
  • Harold G. Koenig
  • Faten Al Zaben
  • Changiz Jahani
  • Raheb Ghorbani
Original Paper


Patients with advanced renal failure often face considerable sociopsychological stress as a result of lifestyle changes due to the disease and its treatment. The aim of the present study is to examine the effect of the Holy Qur’an recitation on depressive symptoms in hemodialysis patients. In this clinical trial, 54 hemodialysis patients were randomized to either an experimental (n = 27) or a control (n = 27) group. Patients completed the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) at baseline and at 1 month after the intervention. Participants in the experimental group listened to recitation of the Holy Qur’an, while those in the control group received no intervention. The mean BDI-II score at baseline was 33.6 (±6.7) for the experimental group and 29.3 (±9.0) for the control group; at the end of treatment, BDI-II scores in the experimental and control groups were 14.5 (±4.8) and 31.6 (±9.2), respectively. Results from the repeated-measures general linear model controlling for baseline differences indicated a significant treatment effect (F = 9.30, p = 0.004, Cohen’s d = 0.85). Holy Qur’an recitation has a significant effect on lowering depressive symptoms in hemodialysis patients. Holy Qur’an recitation is an easy-to-implement and cost-effective strategy that may be used to supplement the treatment of depression in this setting in Iran.


Holy Qur’an recitation Music Depression Hemodialysis Iran 



This study was based on a master’s thesis in Critical Care Nursing and a research plan approved by the Nursing and Allied Health School at Semnan University of Medical Sciences. We would also like to warmly thank the patients who participated in this study, as well as Semnan University of Medical Sciences who kindly gave permission and financial support for the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hassan Babamohamadi
    • 1
  • Nemat Sotodehasl
    • 2
    Email author
  • Harold G. Koenig
    • 3
    • 4
  • Faten Al Zaben
    • 5
  • Changiz Jahani
    • 6
  • Raheb Ghorbani
    • 7
  1. 1.Nursing Care Research Center, Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing and Allied HealthSemnan University of Medical SciencesSemnanIran
  2. 2.Nursing Care Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Allied HealthSemnan University of Medical SciencesSemnanIran
  3. 3.Center for Spirituality, Theology, and HealthDuke University Medical CenterDurhamUSA
  4. 4.King Abdulaziz University (KAU)JeddahSaudi Arabia
  5. 5.Psychiatry DepartmentKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia
  6. 6.Nursing Department, Nursing and Allied Health FacultySemnan University of Medical SciencesSemnanIran
  7. 7.Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Community Medicine Department, Faculty of MedicineSemnan University of Medical SciencesSemnanIran

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