Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 56, Issue 1, pp 149–157 | Cite as

Doctors Who Integrate Spirituality and CAM in the Clinic: The Puerto Rican Case

  • Jesús Soto-EspinosaEmail author
  • Joan D. Koss-Chioino
Original Paper


This article describes Puerto Rican physicians’ personal and clinical utilization of complementary and alternative medicines (CAM), its effects, and use as they identified as either Spiritist, spiritual or religious. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 74 doctors in Puerto Rico. Major themes and relationships among them were charted using the qualitative data analysis program MAXQDA, open coding and grounded theory. Thirty-one doctors spoke of CAM and its use as related to their spiritual or religious perspectives. Spiritual or Spiritist doctors were more inclined than religious doctors to utilize CAM. Seeking closer relationships with patients was related to a spiritually oriented goal of healing (as distinct from curing) as a reason to recommend CAM.


Puerto Rican doctors Religion Spirituality Spiritism Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) 



This study was generously funded by the John Templeton Foundation to whom we owe our appreciation.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Federal Social Security SystemSan JuanUSA
  2. 2.Arizona State UniversityTempeUSA
  3. 3.George Washington UniversityWashingtonUSA

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