Effect of a Single Session of a Yogic Meditation Technique on Cognitive Performance in Medical Students: A Randomized Crossover Trial
- 1.2k Downloads
Medical students confront enormous academic, psychosocial, and existential stress throughout their training, leading to a cascade of consequences both physically and psychologically. The declined cognitive function of these students interferes in their academic performance and excellence. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a yogic meditation technique, mind sound resonance technique (MSRT), on cognitive functions of University Medical students in a randomized, two-way crossover study. In total, 42 healthy volunteers of both genders (5 males and 37 females) with mean age of 19.44 ± 1.31 years were recruited from a medical college in South India, based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. A 10-day orientation in the technique of MSRT was given to all the recruited subjects after which each subject underwent both MSRT and supine rest (SR) sessions. All participants were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive a session of either MSRT or SR. After a day of washout, participants crossed over to receive the alternative intervention. The cognitive functions were assessed using 2 paper-pencil tasks called Digit Letter Substitution Test (DLST) and Six-Letter Cancelation Task (SLCT), before and immediately after both sessions. Both the groups showed significant improvement in net attempt of both DLST and SLCT, but the magnitude of change was more in the MSRT group than in the SR group. The MSRT group demonstrated significantly enhanced net scores in both SLCT (p < 0.001) and DLST (p < 0.001). The result of the present study suggests that a single session of MSRT, a Mind–Body Practice, may positively impact the performance in cognitive tasks by the University Medical Students.
KeywordsYoga Mind sound resonance technique MSRT Medical students Cognition Meditation
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no potential conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in the current study were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional ethical committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
- Bhargav, H., Metri, K., & Dhansoia, V. (2015). Immediate effect of mind sound resonance technique on state anxiety and cognitive functions in patients suffering from generalized anxiety disorder: A self-controlled pilot study. International Journal of Yoga, 8, 70.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Bunevicius, A., Katkute, A., & Bunevicius, R. (2008). Symptoms of anxiety and depression in medical students and in humanities students: Relationship with big-five personality dimensions and vulnerability to stress. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 54, 494–501.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Kalyani, B. G., Venkatasubramanian, G., Arasappa, R., Rao, N. P., Kalmady, S. V., Behere, R. V., & Gangadhar, B. N. (2011). Neurohemodynamic correlates of “OM” chanting: A pilot functional magnetic resonance imaging study. International Journal of Yoga, 4, 3–6.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Muktibodhananda, S. (2002). Hatha yoga pradipika: Light on hatha yoga (2nd ed.). Bihar: Yoga Publication Trust.Google Scholar
- Nagendra, H. (2001). Mind sound resonance technique. Bangalore: Swami Vivekananda Yoga Prakashana.Google Scholar