Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 56, Issue 1, pp 55–62 | Cite as

Study of Human Biochemical Parameters During and After Ramadan

  • Mubin Mustafa Kiyani
  • Aamir Raoof MemonEmail author
  • Mian Imran Amjad
  • Muhammad Rifaqat Ameer
  • Muhammad Sadiq
  • Tariq Mahmood
Original Paper


Ramadan fasting is obligatory for Muslims each year. They abstain from drinking, eating and intimate relationship between dawn and dusk during this month. Dietary restriction during Ramadan has various biochemical and physiological effects. It is shown to decrease the body weight, glucose and lipid profile. This study aims to analyze the changes in body weight, glucose and lipid profile during Ramadan in physiotherapy students in Pakistan. The study was conducted during June–July 2013 (Hijri year 1434). There were 80 students (50 males and 30 females) recruited in the experiment. They all were healthy adults between the age group of 18–24 (mean age 20.5) years. All subjects underwent a general physical examination and interview, and non-healthy subjects were excluded. On statistical analysis, quantitative data were expressed in terms of mean ± SD and a p value of ≤0.05 was believed statically significant. Paired t test was used to compare the variables. There was a little reduction in body weight (62.7 ± 8.8 vs. 62.3 ± 9.0; p value = 0.009) but a significant decline in glucose level (72.6 ± 12.5 vs. 57.9 ± 10.7; p value = 0.000), low-density lipoprotein level (2.9 ± 0.3 vs. 2.5 ± 0.3; p value = 0.000), total cholesterol (4.6 ± 0.4 vs. 4.2 ± 0.5; p value = 0.000) and triglycerides (1.4 ± 0.5 vs. 1.2 ± 0.5; p value = 0.000) was observed. Moreover, there was some reduction in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level (1.2 ± 0.3 vs. 1.1 ± 0.3; p value = 0.045). This study shows that Ramadan fasting, a religious obligation for purification of body and soul, resulted in reduced body weight and a positive effect on glucose level and lipid profile.


Body weight Biochemical Fasting Glucose level Lipid level Ramadan 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mubin Mustafa Kiyani
    • 1
  • Aamir Raoof Memon
    • 2
    Email author
  • Mian Imran Amjad
    • 1
  • Muhammad Rifaqat Ameer
    • 3
  • Muhammad Sadiq
    • 4
  • Tariq Mahmood
    • 5
  1. 1.Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Riphah College of Rehabilitation SciencesRiphah International UniversityIslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.Institute of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation SciencesPeoples University of Medical and Health SciencesNawabashahPakistan
  3. 3.Department of BiotechnologyInternational Islamic UniversityIslamabadPakistan
  4. 4.Pakistan Medical CollegePeshawarPakistan
  5. 5.Nano Sciences and Catalysis Division, National Center for PhysicsQuaid-i-Azam UniversityIslamabadPakistan

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