Mental Health and Self-Esteem of Institutionalized Adolescents Affected by Armed Conflict
The primary purpose of this paper was to compare the epidemiology of mental health problems and self-esteem of conflict hit adolescents living in charitable seminaries with their counterparts brought up in natural homes. Substantive body of the literature illustrates the emotional and behavioral issues experienced by these adolescents. In this study, 27 adolescents from a charitable Muslim seminary and 30 adolescents from a regular school were recruited. Self-report measures and clinical interview were used to measure mental health and self-esteem. The findings indicate that adolescents in institution setting may not be having mental health and self-esteem-related issues when compared to adolescents living in intact by parent homes. While the authors acknowledge the limitations of the study, these findings need further research to examine the causes for these differences.
KeywordsMental health Self-esteem Religion Adolescents
- Achenbach, T. M., & Rescorla, L. A. (2001). Manual for the ASEBA School-Age Forms & Profiles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, and Families.Google Scholar
- Bandura, A. (1977). Social learning theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
- Bowlby, J. (1951). Maternal care and mental health. Geneva: WHO.Google Scholar
- Bowlby, J. (1961). Maternal care and mental health. Geneva: WHO.Google Scholar
- Bowlby, J. (1980). Attachment and Loss III: Loss sadness and depression. London: Hogarth press.Google Scholar
- Burns, R. (1982). Self concept developing and education. Dorchester: Dorset Press.Google Scholar
- Freud, A., Solint, A., & Goldstein, H. (1973). Beyond the best interest of the child. London: Andre Deutsch.Google Scholar
- Kleinman, A. (1988). Rethinking psychiatry: From cultural category to personal experience. New York: The Free Press.Google Scholar
- Margoob, M. A., Rather, Y. H., Khan, A. Y., Singh, G. P., Malik, Y. A., Firdosi, M. M., & Ahmad, S. A. (2006). Psychiatric disorders among children living in orphanages—Experience from Kashmir. JK-Practitioner, 13(l1), 53–55.Google Scholar
- Mariam, F., & Seneviratne, D. (2006). Children in institutional care: The status of their rights and protection in Sri Lanka. Retrieved from http://www.uottawa.ca/childprotection/Srilanka.pdf.
- Naqshbandi, M. M., Sehgal, R., & Hassan, F. (2012). Orphans in orphanages of Kashmir and their psychological problems. International NGO Journal, 7(3), 55–63.Google Scholar
- Naseer, N. (2014). Children of conflict. Greater Kashmir, p. 9. Retrieved from http://www.greaterkashmir.com/news/2014/Jul/4/children-of-conflict-33.asp.
- Nurmi, J. E. (2004). Socialization and self-development. In R. M. Lerner & L. D. Steinberg (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent psychology (2nd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.Google Scholar
- O’Connor, T. G. (2006). The persisting effects of early experience on psychological development. In D. Cicchetti & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology (2nd ed., pp. 202–234). Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Pilowsky, D. (1995). Psychopathology among children placed in family foster care. Psychiatric Services, 46(9), 900–916.Google Scholar
- Rahman, W., Mullick, M. S. I., Pathan, M. A. S., Chowdhury, N. F., Shahidullah, M., Ahmed, H., et al. (2012). Prevalence of behavioral and emotional disorders among the orphans and factors associated with these disorders. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal, 5(1), 29–34.Google Scholar
- Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
- Simoes, C. (2009). Resiliência—Competência na Adversidade. In M. G. Matos, D. e Sampaio (coordenadores), Jovens com Saúde: Diálogo com uma Geração (pp. 215–233). Lisboa: Texto Editores.Google Scholar
- Smith, C., & Denton, M. L. (2009). Soul searching: The religious and spiritual lives of American teenagers. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Stein, E. (1994). Psychiatric disorder of children “In care”: Methodology and demographic correlates. Canadian Journal Psychiatry, 39(6), 341–347.Google Scholar
- UNICEF. (2003). Children in institutions: the beginning of the end?. Retrieved from http://www.unicef-irc.org/publications/pdf/insight8e.pdf.
- Var, F. A., Paul, M. A., Kumar, P., & Shah, S. A. (2011). Self-esteem and psychosocial problems among Kashmiri youth. Delhi Psychiatry Journal, 14(2), 307–313.Google Scholar
- World Health Organisation (WHO). (1998). The South Asia Conference on Adolescents. New Delhi, India.Google Scholar
- Zimmerman, S. L. (2000). Self-esteem, personal control, optimism, extraversion and the subjective well-being of Midwestern university faculty. Dissertation Abstracts International B: Sciences and Engineering, 60(7-B), 3608.Google Scholar