Advertisement

Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 54, Issue 4, pp 1345–1357 | Cite as

Exploring Latino College Students’ Sexual Behaviors in Relation to Their Sexual Attitudes, Religiousness, and Spirituality

  • Raffy R. LuquisEmail author
  • Gina M. Brelsford
  • Miguel A. Pérez
Original Paper

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between religiosity, spirituality, sexual attitudes, and sexual behaviors among Latino and non-Latino college students. The sample included 230 undergraduate college students enrolled at a mid-sized University in the western USA. Sexual behaviors among Latinos were significantly correlated with sexual attitudes and spiritual disclosure in close relationships. However, sexual behaviors for non-Latino respondents were only significantly related to sexual attitudes, not indices of religiousness or spirituality. Sexual educators, health educators, college-level instructors, and counselors can use these results to help Latino and non-Latino students alike understand the relationship between their religious and spiritual beliefs, sexual attitudes, and sexual behaviors.

Keywords

Sexual behaviors Sexual attitudes Latino college students Spirituality Religiosity 

References

  1. Ahrold, T. K., & Meston, C. M. (2010). Ethnic differences in sexual attitudes of U.S. college students: Gender, acculturation, and religiosity factors. Archives of Sexual Behaviors, 39, 190–202. doi: 10.1007/s10508-008-9406-1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Beckwith, H. D., & Morrow, J. A. (2005). Sexual attitudes of college students: The impact of religiosity and spirituality. College Student Journal, 39, 357–366.Google Scholar
  3. Brelsford, G., Luquis, R., & Murray-Swank, N. (2011). College students’ permissive sexual attitudes: Links to religiousness and spirituality. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 21(2), 127–136. doi: 10.1080/10508619.2011.557005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brelsford, G. M., & Mahoney, A. (2008). Spiritual disclosure between older adolescents and their mothers. Journal of Family Psychology, 22, 62–70.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Burris, J. L., Smith, G. T., & Carlson, C. R. (2009). Relations among religiousness, spirituality, and sexual practices. Journal of Sexual Research, 46, 282–289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Davidson, J. K., Moore, N. B., Earle, J. R., & Davis, R. (2008). Sexual attitudes and behavior at four universities: Do region, race, and/or religion matter? Adolescence, 43, 189–220.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Edwards, L. M., Haglund, K., Fehring, R. J., & Ruszynski, J. (2011). Religiosity and sexual risk behavior among Latina adolescents: Trends from 1995 to 2008. Journal of Women’s Health, 20(6), 871–877.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fetzer/National Institute on Aging Work Group. (1999). Multidimensional measurement of religiousness/spirituality for the use in health research: A report of the Fetzer/National Institute on Aging Working Group. Kalamazoo, MI: Fetzer Institute.Google Scholar
  9. Gonzalez, R. G. (2008). College student spirituality at a Hispanic serving institution. Journal of College and Character, 9(4), 1–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gurman, T., & Borzekowski, D. L. G. (2004). Condom use among Latino college students. Journal of American College Health, 52(4), 169–178.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hatch, R. L., Burg, M. A., Naberhaus, D. S., et al. (1998). The spiritual involvement and beliefs scale: Development and testing of a new instrument. Journal of Family Practice, 46, 476–486.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Hendrick, C., Hendrick, S. S., & Reich, D. A. (2006). The brief sexual attitudes scale. Journal of Sexual Research, 43, 76–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Herlitz, C., & Ramstedt, K. (2005). Assessment of sexual behaviors, sexual attitudes, and sexual risk in Sweden (1998–2003). Archives of Sexual Behaviors, 34, 219–229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kim, S., De La Rosa, M., Trepka, M. J., & Kelley, M. (2007). Condom use among unmarried students in a Hispanic-serving university. AIDS Education and Prevention, 19(5), 448–461.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lefkowitz, E. S., Gillen, M. M., Shearer, C. L., & Boone, T. L. (2004). Religiosity, sexual behaviors, and sexual attitudes during emerging adulthood. Journal of Sexual Research, 41, 150–159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Luquis, R., Brelsford, G., & Rojas-Guyler, L. (2012). Religiosity, spirituality, sexual attitudes, and sexual behaviors among college students. Journal of Religion and Health, 51(3), 601–614. doi: 10.1007/s10943-011-9527-z.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Moore, N. B., & Davidson, J. K. (2006). College women and personal goals: Cognitive dimensions that differentiate risk-reduction sexual decisions. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 35, 577–589.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Murray-Swank, N. A., Pargament, K. I., & Mahoney, A. (2005). At the crossroads of sexuality and spirituality: The sanctification of sex by college students. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 15, 199–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Penhollow, T., Young, M., & Bailey, W. (2007). Relationship between religiosity and “hooking up” behavior. American Journal of Health Education, 38, 338–345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Penhollow, T., Young, M., & Denny, G. (2005). The impact of religiosity on the sexual behaviors of college students. American Journal of Health Education, 36, 75–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Pew Hispanic Center (2012). Hispanic student enrollments reach new highs in 2011: Now largest minority group on four-year college campuses. Retrieved from http://www.pewhispanic.org/2012/08/20/hispanic-student-enrollments-reach-new-highs-in-2011/
  22. Pew Hispanic Center & Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life. (2007). Changing faiths: Latinos and the transformation of American religion. Washington, DC: Pew Research Center.Google Scholar
  23. Rostosky, S. S., Wilcox, B. L., Comer Wright, M. L., & Randall, B. A. (2004). The impact of religiosity on adolescent sexual behavior: A review of the evidence. Journal of Adolescent Research, 19, 677–697.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Underwood, L. G., & Teresi, J. A. (2002). The daily spiritual experience scale: Development, theoretical descriptions, reliability, exploratory factor analysis, and preliminary construct validity using health-related data. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 24, 22–33.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. U.S. Census Bureau. (2011). The Hispanic population: 2010. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/briefs/c2010br-04.pdf
  26. Vasilenko, S. A., Duntzee, C., Zheng, Y., & Lefkowitz, E. S. (2013). Testing two models of religiosity and sexual behavior. Journal of Adolescence, 36(4), 667–673.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Weeden, J., & Sabini, J. (2007). Subjective and objective measures of attractiveness and their relationship to sexual behavior and sexual attitudes in university students. Archive of Sexual Behavior, 36, 79–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raffy R. Luquis
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gina M. Brelsford
    • 2
  • Miguel A. Pérez
    • 3
  1. 1.Health Education Program, School of Behavioral Sciences and EducationPenn State HarrisburgMiddletownUSA
  2. 2.Penn State HarrisburgMiddletownUSA
  3. 3.Department of Public HealthCalifornia State University, Fresno StateFresnoUSA

Personalised recommendations