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Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 54, Issue 5, pp 1555–1562 | Cite as

Religious Delusions in a Xhosa Schizophrenia Population

  • Alida Connell
  • Liezl Koen
  • Dana Niehaus
  • Karen J. Cloete
  • Esme Jordaan
  • Ulla Botha
Original Paper

Abstract

Here, we assessed for the first time the frequency of religious delusions and the effect of treatment on religiosity and the phenomena of religious delusions in a Xhosa schizophrenia population. Religious delusions were present in 42 (70 %) participants, and treatment significantly reduced religiosity (p = 0.02) as well as mean scores for certain phenomena associated with the delusions including changes in both thinking (p = 0.0001) and behaviour (p = 0.0001), as well as affective response to the delusion (p = 0.0001) The high frequency of religious delusions may indicate a higher tolerance for religious delusions in this community. It is therefore important to educate spiritual leaders on mental illness.

Keywords

Religious delusions Religiosity Schizophrenia Xhosa South Africa 

Notes

Conflict of interest

None.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alida Connell
    • 1
  • Liezl Koen
    • 1
  • Dana Niehaus
    • 1
  • Karen J. Cloete
    • 1
  • Esme Jordaan
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ulla Botha
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine and Health ScienceStellenbosch UniversityTygerbergSouth Africa
  2. 2.Biostatics UnitMedical Research CouncilBellvilleSouth Africa
  3. 3.Statistics and Population Studies DepartmentUniversity of the Western CapeBellvilleSouth Africa

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