Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 53, Issue 1, pp 204–216 | Cite as

Forgiveness and Health in Christian Women

  • Gretchen Quenstedt-MoeEmail author
  • Sue Popkess
Original Paper


Researchers in psychology have studied the influence of forgiveness on the both the psychological and physical health of individuals. In addition, parish nursing is also looking at forgiveness as a potential benefit for self-care and health promotion. Forgiveness was measured using Enright’s Forgiveness Inventory. Health was measured using Spielberg’s State/Trait Anger measure, Beck’s II Depression measure, SPF-15 Health Survey. Body Mass Index was also calculated. Mixed Methods was also used to describe the qualitative findings using content analysis on the types of unjust violations Christian women experienced. Women expressed very severe unjust violations involving sexual, physical, emotional, financial and spiritual abuse. Statistical correlations suggested important relationships among forgiveness and overall health measures warranting further investigation. The relationship between Church type and forgiveness raised questions about women’s role in the Church as well as, the importance of acknowledging personal feelings, which are excluded in many orthodox denomination’s doctrines.


Forgiveness Religion Women Parish nursing Mixed methods 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NursingMissouri Western State UniversitySaint JosephUSA
  2. 2.School of NursingUniversity of KansasKansas CityUSA

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