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Changes in Religious Coping and Relapse to Drug Use Among Opioid-Dependent Patients Following Inpatient Detoxification

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Abstract

Relapse rates remain high among people with opioid dependence. Identifying psychosocial factors associated with outcomes is important for informing behavioral treatments. This study examined religious coping, opioid use, and 12-step participation among 45 participants receiving inpatient opioid detoxification at baseline and follow-up. At baseline, higher positive coping was related to less frequent opioid use pre-admission (β = −.44, p < .001) and history of 12-step participation (OR = 2.33, p < .05). Decreases in negative coping after discharge predicted less opioid use (β = .55, p < .001), and increases in positive coping predicted more frequent 12-step program participation (β = .42, p < .05). Positive religious coping may be protective, while negative religious coping may be a barrier to treatment.

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Correspondence to Eve S. Puffer.

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Puffer, E.S., Skalski, L.M. & Meade, C.S. Changes in Religious Coping and Relapse to Drug Use Among Opioid-Dependent Patients Following Inpatient Detoxification. J Relig Health 51, 1226–1238 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-010-9418-8

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