Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 46, Issue 4, pp 500–515 | Cite as

Associations between aspects of spiritual well-being, alcohol use, and related social-cognitions in female college students

  • D. D. VonDrasEmail author
  • R. R. Schmitt
  • D. Marx
Original Paper


This research explores relationships between aspects of spiritual well-being, alcohol use and related social-cognitions in college women. The sample included 151 female college students ranging in age from 18 to 25 years. Participants read a behavioral vignette depicting alcohol use by a student and completed a survey that included measures of alcohol use, counterfactual attributions and beliefs about drinking, as well as religious and existential aspects of spiritual well-being. Results suggested religious- and existential well-being to be inversely associated with indices of alcohol use and the likelihood of attending a social event where alcohol is present. Further, religious well-being was found to be negatively associated with beliefs concerning the social-effects of alcohol, while existential well-being was observed to be a significant predictor of a composite set of attributions related to alcohol prevention. Importantly, these data suggest religious and existential aspects of spiritual well-being as moderators of behavior as well as causal attributions and beliefs that represent a cognitive mechanism of alcohol prevention in college women. Use of counterfactual exercises as an educational technique, and potential barriers of religious and existential oriented prevention programs are briefly discussed.


Alcohol prevention Spirituality College students Attributions Beliefs 



A note of thanks is extended to Reviewers of an earlier draft for their insightful comments and suggestions.


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Copyright information

© Blanton-Peale Institute 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Human Development and PsychologyUniversity of Wisconsin-Green BayGreen BayUSA

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