Effects of a REBT Based Training on Children and Teachers in Primary School

  • Chiara CarusoEmail author
  • Lidia Angelone
  • Elisa Abbate
  • Valentina Ionni
  • Claudia Biondi
  • Cinzia Di Agostino
  • Alice Mobili
  • Roberta Verità
  • Riccardo Navarra
  • Giovanni Maria Ruggiero
  • Clarice Mezzaluna


Rational Emotive Education (REE) is a psychological educational program offering a preventative psycho-educational curriculum to children in order to teach them emotional literacy skills. REE helps children by teaching them to challenge irrational thinking, to minimize their reactions to disappointment and frustrations, to cope more effectively with problems, and to more fully accept themselves. The efficacy of REE training for children and teachers was examined in a sample of 211 third grade students from nine different classes and 26 teachers. Each class was randomly assigned to one of three different groups, two experimental groups and a control group, each receiving different training. First objective of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of a REE training based on storytelling in changing children’s irrational beliefs. Second objective of our study was to observe the efficacy of a teachers’ training similar to that applied in REBT-focused school consultation groups in enhancing their self-efficacy. Results show an improved tendency in children to think rationally and an enhanced perception of self-efficacy in teachers for those groups that underwent the training compared to the control group. Our results suggest that REBT based trainings for children and teachers should be integrated into the classroom curriculum in order to prevent mental health problems and encourage positive social and emotional well-being.


Rational Emotive Education Primary school Children Teachers Prevention 



We thank Peter A. Mattei, MD, PhD, and Alicia Cervantes for assistance with English proofreading.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chiara Caruso
    • 1
    Email author
  • Lidia Angelone
    • 1
  • Elisa Abbate
    • 1
  • Valentina Ionni
    • 1
  • Claudia Biondi
    • 1
  • Cinzia Di Agostino
    • 1
  • Alice Mobili
    • 1
  • Roberta Verità
    • 1
  • Riccardo Navarra
    • 4
  • Giovanni Maria Ruggiero
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 5
    • 6
  • Clarice Mezzaluna
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Cognitive Psychotherapy School and Research CenterStudi CognitiviSan Benedetto del TrontoItaly
  2. 2.Cognitive Psychotherapy School and Research CenterStudi CognitiviMilanItaly
  3. 3.Cognitive Psychotherapy School and Research CenterStudi CognitiviModenaItaly
  4. 4.Department of Neuroscience and Imaging“G. d’Annunzio” UniversityChietiItaly
  5. 5.Sigmund Freud UniversityMilanItaly
  6. 6.Sigmund Freud UniversityViennaAustria

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