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Mindfulness and trauma: implications for treatment

  • Victoria FolletteEmail author
  • Kathleen M. Palm
  • Adria N. Pearson
Article

Abstract

Mindfulness, originally a construct used in Eastern spiritual and philosophical traditions, has found new utility in psychotherapy practice. Mindfulness practice has been recently applied to treatments of several psychological and health related problems, and research is showing successful outcomes in psychological interventions incorporating mindfulness practices. Several schools of psychotherapy have theorized why mindfulness may be an effective intervention. One population which would theoretically be benefited by mindfulness practice in treatment consists of those individuals who have experienced traumatic events and are exhibiting post-traumatic stress disorder and/or related correlates of past trauma. The present paper gives a general review of the application of mindfulness to clinical psychology interventions. Additionally, we explain how mindfulness is applicable to our integrative behavioral approach to treating trauma and its sequelae. Specifically, this paper will (a) give a general overview of the conceptions and applications of mindfulness to psychology and psychotherapy and provide a brief account of the concepts origins in eastern traditions; (b) discuss the theoretical conceptualization of clinical problems that may relate to the long-term correlates of trauma; (c) describe how mindfulness, acceptance and the therapeutic relationship can address trauma symptoms and discuss a modified treatment approach for trauma survivors that incorporates mindfulness and acceptance practices into traditional exposure treatment.

Keywords

Emotion Regulation Mindfulness Meditation Dialectical Behavior Therapy Mindfulness Practice Borderline Personality Disorder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Victoria Follette
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  • Kathleen M. Palm
    • 2
  • Adria N. Pearson
    • 3
  1. 1.University of NevadaRenoUSA
  2. 2.Brown Medical School/Butler HospitalProvidenceUSA
  3. 3.University of NevadaRenoUSA
  4. 4.Department of Psychology/296University of NevadaRenoUSA

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