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Journal of Quantitative Criminology

, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 183–206 | Cite as

Risky Lifestyles, Low Self-control, and Violent Victimization Across Gendered Pathways to Crime

  • Jillian J. TuranovicEmail author
  • Michael D. Reisig
  • Travis C. Pratt
Original Paper

Abstract

Objectives

The present study addresses whether unique or general processes lead to victimization across gendered pathways to crime. Specifically, the effects of low self-control and risky lifestyles—specified as various forms of offending and substance abuse—on violent victimization across developmental typologies for both men and women are examined.

Methods

Using data from three waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, a two-stage cluster analysis is used to identify taxonomic groups for males and females that represent different pathways to crime. Multivariate negative binomial regression models are estimated to assess whether both self-control and risky lifestyles (e.g., criminal offending) are significant predictors of general forms of violent victimization across each identified cluster.

Results

Low self-control and risky lifestyles significantly predict violent victimization across each of the taxonomic groups identified in the data, suggesting that these causal processes are universal rather than unique to any particular gendered pathway.

Conclusions

Although inferences cannot be made for types of victimization beyond those observed in the study (e.g., intimate partner violence and sexual assault), the findings lend credence to the notion that self-control and risky lifestyles are critical to the study of violent victimization among men and women following different gendered pathways.

Keywords

Risky lifestyles Self-control Victimization Pathways to crime Cluster analysis 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jillian J. Turanovic
    • 1
    Email author
  • Michael D. Reisig
    • 1
  • Travis C. Pratt
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Criminology and Criminal JusticeArizona State UniversityPhoenixUSA
  2. 2. Corrections InstituteUniversity of CincinnatiCincinnatiUSA

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