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How Can Orthographic Representations in Arabic Contribute to Phoneme Awareness Development?


The contribution of the orthographic representations to the development of phonemic awareness in Arabic was tested among 289 native Arab readers from the second, the fourth, and the sixth grade. Phonemic awareness was tested by using two phonemic segmentation tasks: words and pseudowords. The participants’ words and pseudowords reading and spelling skills beside to orthographic knowledge were tested also. The results revealed that the accuracy levels of phoneme segmentation of words were higher than pseudowords for all ages. In addition, the results revealed that the pseudowords reading skills and the orthographic knowledge contributed significantly to the phoneme segmentations of words and pseudowords. The results were discussed in light of the assumption that in transparent orthographies, such like Arabic, the grain size of phoneme awareness development is contributed by capturing the correspondences between the phonology and the orthography and the orthographic representations development.

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Correspondence to Haitham Taha.

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The authors of the current manuscript declare that all parents of the participants in the current study gave their informed consent in writing prior to the inclusion of their children in the study. In addition, the authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest that could have direct or potential influence or impart bias on the work. The current study and all its ethical standards were approved by the research and ethical committee.

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Taha, H. How Can Orthographic Representations in Arabic Contribute to Phoneme Awareness Development?. J Psycholinguist Res (2022).

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  • Phonological awareness
  • Orthographic knowledge
  • Arabic Language
  • Diglossia
  • Reading