Journal of Psycholinguistic Research

, Volume 46, Issue 6, pp 1529–1548 | Cite as

Profiling Perceptual Learning Styles of Chinese as a Second Language Learners in University Settings

  • Peijian Paul SunEmail author
  • Lin Sophie Teng


This study revisited Reid’s (1987) perceptual learning style preference questionnaire (PLSPQ) in an attempt to answer whether the PLSPQ fits in the Chinese-as-a-second-language (CSL) context. If not, what are CSL learners’ learning styles drawing on the PLSPQ? The PLSPQ was first re-examined through reliability analysis and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) with 224 CSL learners. The results showed that Reid’s six-factor PLSPQ could not satisfactorily explain the CSL learners’ learning styles. Exploratory factor analyses were, therefore, performed to explore the dimensionality of the PLSPQ in the CSL context. A four-factor PLSPQ was successfully constructed including auditory/visual, kinaesthetic/tactile, group, and individual styles. Such a measurement model was cross-validated through CFAs with 118 CSL learners. The study not only lends evidence to the literature that Reid’s PLSPQ lacks construct validity, but also provides CSL teachers and learners with insightful and practical guidance concerning learning styles. Implications and limitations of the present study are discussed.


PLSPQ Learning style CSL Exploratory factor analysis Confirmatory factor analysis 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Foreign LanguagesSun Yet-sen UniversityGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Department of Chinese language studiesThe Education University of Hong KongHong KongChina
  3. 3.Heilongjiang UniversityHarbinChina
  4. 4.Woolf Fisher Research Centre, Faculty of Education and Social WorkUniversity of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand

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