Advertisement

The Journal of Primary Prevention

, Volume 39, Issue 6, pp 591–609 | Cite as

Permanent Housing Placement and Reentry to Services Among Family Recipients of Homelessness Prevention and Rapid Re-Housing Program (HPRP) Assistance

  • Danielle Vaclavik
  • Molly Brown
  • Paige Adenuga
  • Samantha Scartozzi
  • Dennis P. Watson
Original Paper

Abstract

The Homelessness Prevention and Rapid Re-Housing Program (HPRP) provided individuals and families who were either at-risk or currently experiencing homelessness with time-limited financial and housing support services. Evaluations of HPRP showed a high rate of family placement into permanent housing. However, little research has explored immediate and longitudinal outcomes for families enrolled in HPRP. Using Homeless Management Information System data from Indianapolis, Indiana, we examined demographic and program-related predictors of families entering permanent housing and their risk of reentry into homeless services following HPRP participation. The sample included 511 families who enrolled in the program from 2009 to 2012, with an average follow-up period of 4.5 years. We conducted analyses separately for Homelessness Prevention (HP) recipients (n = 357) and Rapid Re-Housing (RRH) recipients (n = 154). Results revealed that HP families were more likely to enter permanent housing if they: included adults who were older in age, were enrolled longer in the program, were provided rental arrear services and utility payments, and did not receive legal services. RRH families receiving rental assistance services had significantly greater odds of entering permanent housing. Among permanently housed families, at least one family member in 10.9% of HP recipients and 18.8% of RRH recipients reentered homeless services. HP families with younger children and one veteran family member were at increased risk of reentry to homelessness services. RRH recipients who did not receive moving cost services and had more children were at greater risk of reentry. Study findings suggest a need for future research on HP and RRH interventions that identify unique service needs among families who are experiencing housing instability or homelessness.

Keywords

Homelessness prevention Rapid re-housing Family homelessness Permanent housing placement Service reentry Homelessness 

Notes

Compliance With Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare they have no conflicts of interest.

References

  1. Bassuk, E. L., Buckner, J. C., Weinreb, L. F., Browne, A., Bassuk, S. S., Dawson, R., et al. (1997). Homelessness in female-headed families: Childhood and adult risk and protective factors. American Journal of Public Health, 87, 241–248.  https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.87.2.241.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Bassuk, E. L., & Geller, S. (2006). The role of housing and services in ending family homelessness. Housing Policy Debate, 17, 781–806.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10511482.2006.9521590.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brown, M., Vaclavik, D., Watson, D. P., & Wilka, E. (2017). Predictors of homeless services reentry within a sample of adults receiving Homelessness Prevention and Rapid Re-Housing Program (HPRP) assistance. Psychological Services, 14, 129–140.  https://doi.org/10.1037/ser0000112.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Burt, M. R., Pearson, C., & Montgomery, A. E. (2007). Community-wide strategies for preventing homelessness: Recent evidence. The Journal of Primary Prevention, 28, 213–228.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10935-007-0094-8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Byrne, T., Treglia, D., Culhane, D. P., Kuhn, J., & Kane, V. (2016). Predictors of homelessness among families and single adults after exit from homelessness prevention and Rapid Re-Housing Programs: Evidence from the Department of Veterans Affairs Supportive Services for Veteran Families program. Housing Policy Debate, 26, 251–274.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10511482.2015.1060249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Culhane, D. P., Metraux, S., & Byrne, T. (2010). A prevention-centered approach to homelessness assistance: A paradigm shift? Housing Policy Debate, 21, 295–315.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10511482.2010.536246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Desmond, M. (2012). Eviction and the reproduction of urban poverty. American Journal of Sociology, 118(1), 88–133.  https://doi.org/10.1086/666082.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gubits, D., Shinn, M., Wood, M., Bell, S., Dastrup, S., Solari, C. D.,…Abt Associates, Inc. (2016). Family options study: 3-year impacts of housing and services interventions for homeless families. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. Retrieved November 2, 2018. from https://www.huduser.gov/portal/sites/default/files/pdf/Family-Options-Study-Full-Report.pdf
  9. National Alliance to End Homelessness. (2015). The state of homelessness in America 2015. Retrieved November 2, 2018. from https://endhomelessness.org/just-released-the-state-of-homelessness-in-america-2015/
  10. O’Connell, M. J., Kasprow, W., & Rosenheck, R. A. (2008). Rates and risk factors for homelessness after successful housing in a sample of formerly homeless veterans. Psychiatric Services, 59(3), 268–275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Officer, S., & Sauer, B. (2011). Homelessness prevention and Rapid Re-Housing Program (HPRP) evaluation report. Retrieved May 26, 2017, from http://www.chipindy.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/HPRP_Evaluation_Report.Dec_2011.pdf
  12. Shinn, M. (1997). Family homelessness: State or trait? American Journal of Community Psychology, 25, 755–769.  https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1022209028188.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Shinn, M., Baumohl, J., & Hopper, K. (2001). The prevention of homelessness revisited. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 1, 95–127.  https://doi.org/10.1111/1530-2415.00006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Shinn, M., Greer, A. L., Bainbridge, J., Kwon, J., & Zuiderveen, S. (2013). Efficient targeting of homelessness prevention services for families. American Journal of Public Health, 103(S2), S324–S330.  https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2013.301468.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  15. U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. (2009). Notice of allocations, application procedures, and requirements for Homelessness Prevention and Rapid Re-Housing Program grantees under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. Retrieved November 2, 2018, from http://www.hudexchange.info/resources/documents/HPRP_Notice_3-19-09.pdf
  16. U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. (2016). Homelessness Prevention and Rapid Re-Housing Program (HPRP): Year 3 and final program summary. Retrieved November 2, 2018, from https://www.hudexchange.info/resources/documents/HPRP-Year-3-Summary.pdf
  17. Vittinghoff, E., & McCulloch, C. E. (2007). Relaxing the rule of ten events per variable in logistic and Cox regression. American Journal of Epidemiology, 165, 710–718.  https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwk052.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Washington, D. L., Yano, E. M., McGuire, J., Hines, V., Lee, M., & Gelberg, L. (2010). Risk factors for homelessness among women veterans. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 21(1), 82–91.  https://doi.org/10.1353/hpu.0.0237.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Wong, Y. L. I., Culhane, D. P., & Kuhn, R. (1997). Predictors of exit and reentry among family shelter users in New York City. Social Service Review, 71, 441–462.  https://doi.org/10.1086/604265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Danielle Vaclavik
    • 1
  • Molly Brown
    • 1
  • Paige Adenuga
    • 1
  • Samantha Scartozzi
    • 1
  • Dennis P. Watson
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyDePaul UniversityChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Social and Behavioral SciencesIndiana University Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health at IndianapolisIndianapolisUSA

Personalised recommendations