Neighbourhood Perceptions and Sense of Coherence in Adolescence
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The neighbourhood has traditionally been neglected in studies about adolescents’ sense of coherence (SOC). The current study represents the first attempt to analyse the associations between neighbourhood assets, neighbourhood risks, and SOC during adolescence. The sample consisted of 7,580 Spanish adolescents aged 13–18 who were selected for the 2009/10 edition of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey in Spain. The adolescents completed self-report questionnaires that included the SOC-29 scale and separate HBSC scales measuring neighbourhood risks and assets. The results showed that neighbourhood risks were negatively associated with the adolescents’ SOC. In contrast, neighbourhood assets, especially relationships with significant adults, were positively associated with the adolescents’ SOC. Assets explained 6.5 % of the variability in SOC scores after controlling for risks, suggesting that assets may play a significant role, even in neighbourhoods where risks are present. We discuss implications and future research directions.
KeywordsSense of coherence Adolescence Neighbourhood Assets Risks
This research has been funded by an agreement signed between the Spanish Ministry of Health, Social Policy and Equality, and the University of Seville (Spain). In addition, this work is supported by the Spanish Ministry of Education through the National Program FPU [Grant Number: AP2009-0978].
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