Skip to main content

Advertisement

Log in

Dimensions of Religiosity and Access to Religious Social Capital: Correlates with Substance Use Among Urban Adolescents

  • Original Paper
  • Published:
The Journal of Primary Prevention Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Although some evidence indicates that religiosity may be protective against substance use in the urban youth population, limited research has investigated the effects of multiple dimensions of religiosity on substance use in this population. In this study, a sample of 301 urban adolescents was used (a) to test the effects of three dimensions of religiosity (social religiosity, perceived religious support, and private religiosity) as well as proximity to religious institutions and (b) to determine their correlates with tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana use. It was hypothesized that all three dimensions of religiosity would act as protective factors against all types of substance use and that proximity to religious institutions from adolescents’ routine locations would also serve as a protective factor against any type of substance use. Results of logistic regression analysis showed that social religiosity and perceived religious support were protective against marijuana and tobacco use, respectively. Private religiosity was not protective against any type of substance use. Proximity to religious institutions was protective against alcohol use. These findings suggest the importance of examining multiple dimensions of religiosity when investigating substance use in urban youth and offer initial evidence of the importance of proximity to religious institutions as a protective factor against substance use.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Benda, B. B., Pope, S. K., & Kelleher, K. J. (2006). Church attendance or religiousness. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 24, 75–87.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Bronfrenbrenner, U. (1979). The ecology of human development: Experiments by nature and design. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Carpiano, R. M. (2006). Towards a neighborhood resource-based theory of social capital for health: Can Bourdieu and sociology help? Social Science and Medicine, 62, 165–175.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Catalano, R. F., Morrison, D. M., Wells, E. A., Gillmore, M. R., Iritani, B., & Hawkins, J. D. (1992). Ethnic differences in family factors related to early drug initiation. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 53, 208–217.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Chitwood, D. D., Weiss, M. L., & Leukefeld, C. (2008). A systematic review of recent literature on religiosity and substance use. Journal of Drug Issues, 38, 653–688.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Cotton, S., McGrady, M. E., & Rosenthal, S. L. (2010). Measurement of religiosity/spirituality in adolescent health outcomes research: Trends and recommendations. Journal of Religion and Health, 49, 414–444.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Cox, R. B., Danelia, K., Larzelere, R. E., & Blow, A. J. (2012). Do peers and perceived risk mediate the association of religiosity with the likelihood and extend of recent substance use among Venezuelan youth? International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation, 1, 15–31.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Dew, R. E., Daniel, S. S., Armstrong, T. D., Goldston, D. B., Triplett, M. F., & Koenig, H. G. (2008). Religion/spirituality and adolescent psychiatric symptoms: A review. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 39, 381–398.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Fetzer Institute and National Institute on Aging Work Group. (1999). Multidimensional measurement of religiousness/spirituality for use in health research. Kalamazoo, MI: Author.

    Google Scholar 

  • Fitzpatrick, K., & LaGory, M. (2000). Unhealthy places: The ecology of risk in the urban landscape. New York, NY: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Francis, L. J. (1997). The impact of personality and religion on attitude towards substance use among 13–15 year olds. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 44, 95–103.

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Gorush, R. L. (1995). Religious aspects of substance abuse and recovery. Journal of Social Issues, 51, 65–83.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Harden, K. P. (2010). Does religious involvement protect against early drinking? A behavior genetic approach. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51, 763–771.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Harris, S. K., Sherritt, L. R., Holder, D. W., Kulig, J., Shrier, L. A., & Knight, J. R. (2007). Reliability and validity of the brief multidimensional measure of religiousness/spirituality among adolescents. Journal of Religion and Health, 47, 438–457.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Johnson, B. J., Tomkins, R. B., & Webb, D. (2002). Objective hope: Assessing the effectiveness of faith-based organizations: A review of the literature. Philadelphia, PA: Center for Research on Religion and Urban Civil Society, University of Pennsylvania.

    Google Scholar 

  • Johnston, L. D., O’Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., & Schulenberg, J. E. (2011). Monitoring the Future national results on adolescent drug use: Overview of key findings, 2010. Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research, The University of Michigan.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kinney, N. T., & Walker, W. E. (2006). Places of worship and neighborhood stability. Journal of Urban Affairs, 28, 335–352.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Krause, N., & Wulff, K. (2005). Church-based social ties, a sense of belonging in a congregation, and physical health status. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 15, 73–93.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Longest, K. C., & Vaisey, S. (2008). Control or conviction: Religion and adolescent initiation of marijuana use. Journal of Drug Issues, 38, 689–715.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Macintyre, S. (2007). Deprivation amplification revisited; or, is it always true that poorer places have poorer access to resources for healthy diets and physical activity? The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 4, 32.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Marsiglia, F. F., Ayers, S. L., & Hoffman, S. (2012). Religiosity and adolescent substance use in Central Mexico: Exploring the influence of internal and external religiosity on cigarette and alcohol use. American Journal of Community Psychology, 49, 87–97.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Martino, S. C., Ellickson, P. L., & McCaffrey, D. F. (2008). Developmental trajectories of substance use from early to late adolescence: A comparison of rural and urban youth. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 69, 430–440.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Mason, M., Cheung, I., & Walker, L. (2004). Substance use, social networks and the geography of urban adolescents. Substance Use and Misuse, 9, 1751–1778.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Mason, W. A., & Spoth, R. L. (2011). Thrill seeking and religiosity in relation to adolescent substance use: Tests of joint, interactive, and indirect influences. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 25, 683–696.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • McBride, D. C., Mutch, P. B., & Chitwood, D. D. (1996). Religious belief and the initiation and prevention of drug use among youth. In C. B. McCoy & L. R. Metsch (Eds.), Intervening with drug involved youth (pp. 110–130). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mennis, J., & Mason, M. J. (2011). People, places, and adolescent substance use: Integrating activity space and social network data for analyzing health behavior. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 101, 272–291.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Miller, L., Davies, M., & Greenwald, S. (2000). Religiosity and substance use and abuse among adolescents in the National Comorbidity Survey. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 39, 1190–1197.

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Moberg, D. P. (1991). The Adolescent Drug Involvement Scale. Journal of Adolescent Chemical Dependency, 2, 75–88.

    Google Scholar 

  • Nonnemaker, J. M., McNeely, C. A., & Blum, R. W. (2003). Public and private domains of religiosity and adolescent health risk behaviors: Evidence from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Social Science and Medicine, 57, 2049–2054.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Pargament, K. I. (1997). The psychology of religion and coping. New York, NY: Guilford Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Putnam, R. (2000). Bowling alone. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.

    Google Scholar 

  • Regnerus, M. D. (2000). Shaping schooling success: Religious socialization and educational outcomes in metropolitan public schools. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 39, 363–370.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Rew, L., & Wong, Y. J. (2006). A systematic review of associations among religiosity/spirituality and adolescent health attitudes and behaviors. Journal of Adolescent Health, 38, 433–442.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Simmel, G. (1997). Essays on religion. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sinha, J. W. (2007). Youth at risk for truancy detour into a faith-based education program: Their perceptions of the program and its impact. Research on Social Work, 17, 246–257.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Sinha, J. W., Cnaan, R. A., & Gelles, R. J. (2007). Adolescent risk behaviors and religion: Findings from a national study. Journal of Adolescence, 30, 231–249.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Smith, C. (2005). Soul searching: The religious and spiritual lives of American teenagers. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Stewart, C., Koeske, G. F., & Koeske, R. D. (2006). Personal religiosity and spirituality associated with social work practitioners’ use of religious-based intervention practices. Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought, 25, 69–85.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Trinitapoli, J., Ellison, C. G., & Boardman, J. D. (2009). U.S. religious congregations and the sponsorship of health-related programs. Social Science and Medicine, 68, 2231–2239.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Vaughan, E. L., de Dios, M. A., Steinfeldt, J. A., & Kratz, L. M. (2011). Religiosity, alcohol use attitudes, and alcohol use in a national sample of adolescents. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 25, 547–553.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Walker, C., Ainette, M. G., Wills, T. A., & Mendoza, D. (2007). Religiosity and substance use: Test of an indirect-effect model in early and middle adolescence. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 21, 84–96.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Wallace, J. M., Jr, Yamaguchi, R., Bachman, J. G., O’Malley, P. M., Schulenberg, J. E., & Johnson, L. D. (2007). Religiosity and adolescent substance use: The role of individual and contextual influences. Social Problems, 54, 308–327.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Weller, S. C., & Romney, A. K. (1998). Systematic data collection. Vol. 10. Qualitative research methods. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.

    Google Scholar 

  • Williams, E. (2008). Measuring religious social capital: The scale properties of the Williams Religious Social Capital Index (WRSCI) among cathedral congregations. Journal of Beliefs & Values, 29, 327–332.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wills, T. A., Yaeger, A. M., & Sandy, J. M. (2003). Buffering effect of religiosity for adolescent substance use. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 17, 24–31.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Yeung, A. M. (2004). An intricate triangle—religiosity, volunteering, and social capital: The European perspective, the case of Finland. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 33, 401–422.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Yeung, J. W. K., Chan, Y. C., & Lee, B. L. K. (2009). Youth religiosity and substance abuse: A meta-analysis from 1995 to 2007. Psychological Reports, 105, 255–266.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by Award Number R21DA020146 from the National Institute on Drug Abuse. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official view of the National Institute on Drug Abuse or the National Institutes of Health. The authors wish to thank Robin Smith, research assistant, for her administrative work on this manuscript.

Conflicts of interest

All authors have no conflicts of interest. No financial disclosures were reported by the authors of this article.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Michael J. Mason.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Mason, M.J., Schmidt, C. & Mennis, J. Dimensions of Religiosity and Access to Religious Social Capital: Correlates with Substance Use Among Urban Adolescents. J Primary Prevent 33, 229–237 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10935-012-0283-y

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10935-012-0283-y

Keywords

Navigation