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Ethnic Pride, Traditional Family Values, and Acculturation in Early Cigarette and Alcohol Use Among Latino Adolescents

Abstract

A structural equations model examined the influence of three cultural variables of ethnic pride, traditional family values and acculturation, along with the mediating variables of avoidance self-efficacy and perceptions of the “benefits” of cigarette smoking, on cigarette and alcohol use in a sample of Latino middle school students in the Southwest. Girls (N = 585) and boys (N = 360) were analyzed separately. In both groups, higher ethnic pride and traditional family values exerted indirect effects on less cigarette smoking and alcohol use when mediated through greater self-efficacy and less endorsement of the “benefits” of cigarette smoking. Among the girls, greater ethnic pride also had a direct effect on less cigarette and alcohol use. Also, greater acculturation directly predicted more cigarette and alcohol use among the girls, but not among the boys. However, differences between the boys and girls were generally nonsignificant as revealed by multiple group latent variable models. These results offer implications for incorporating cultural variables into the design of culturally relevant prevention interventions that discourage cigarette and alcohol use among Latino adolescents.

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Acknowledgments

We gratefully acknowledge the grant PO1-DA01070-35 from the National Institute on Drug Abuse for their support of this study. We also acknowledge support from the Arizona Department of Health Services for their support of the Healthy Lifestyles project.

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Correspondence to Felipe González Castro.

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Castro, F.G., Stein, J.A. & Bentler, P.M. Ethnic Pride, Traditional Family Values, and Acculturation in Early Cigarette and Alcohol Use Among Latino Adolescents. J Primary Prevent 30, 265–292 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10935-009-0174-z

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Keywords

  • Ethnic pride
  • Acculturation
  • Traditional family values
  • Latino adolescents
  • Alcohol use
  • Tobacco use
  • Gender differences