The Journal of Primary Prevention

, Volume 29, Issue 2, pp 103–120 | Cite as

The Parents as Teachers Program and School Success: A Replication and Extension

  • Edward Zigler
  • Judy C. Pfannenstiel
  • Victoria Seitz
Original Paper

Abstract

This study is a replication and extension of an earlier study, using a larger sample, a better measure of poverty status, and new longitudinal data. The study used path analysis to test hypothesized models of how the Parents as Teachers (PAT) program affects children’s school readiness and subsequent third-grade achievement. Participants were 5,721 kindergarten children who were chosen to be representative of all children beginning public school in the state of Missouri in the fall of 1998–2000. These children were subsequently located in the state’s third-grade test database 4–5 years later (82% of the original kindergarten sample). The causal models, which postulated both direct and indirect effects of PAT, were strongly supported by the data. Editors’ Strategic Implications: The findings add to the evidence that the PAT home visiting program holds promise as a primary prevention program. The authors demonstrate how parenting practices (including reading to children and enrolling them in preschool) promote both school readiness and subsequent academic achievement, but they also remind us of the pervasive effects of poverty.

Keywords

Achievement Intervention Home-visiting School readiness 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edward Zigler
    • 1
  • Judy C. Pfannenstiel
    • 2
  • Victoria Seitz
    • 1
  1. 1.Zigler Center in Child Development and Social PolicyYale UniversityNew HavenUSA
  2. 2.Research & Training Associates, Inc.Overland ParkUSA

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