Effect of Workplace Laughter Groups on Personal Efficacy Beliefs
- 1.1k Downloads
This study measured the impact of a purposeful aerobic laughter intervention on employees’ sense of self-efficacy in the workplace. Participants were 33 employees of a behavioral health center. They met for 15-minute sessions on 15 consecutive workdays and engaged in a guided program of non-humor dependent laughter. The primary outcome measure was the Capabilities Awareness Profile, a self-report self-efficacy questionnaire. Employees demonstrated a significant increase in several different aspects of self-efficacy, including self-regulation, optimism, positive emotions, and social identification, and they maintained these gains at follow-up. Purposeful laughter is a realistic, sustainable, and generalizable intervention that enhances employees’ morale, resilience, and personal efficacy beliefs.
KEY WORDSlaughter workplace wellness self-efficacy
The authors would like to thank Michele Ediger for assistance with data collection and management, Ivan Williams, MBA for assistance with statistical analysis, and Shari Roth, B.A. for assistance with both data management and statistical analysis.
- Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
- Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: W. H. Freeman and Company.Google Scholar
- Goleman, D., McKee, A., & Boyatzis, R. E. (2002). Primal leadership: Realizing the power of emotional intelligence. Boston: Harvard Business School Publishing.Google Scholar
- Hays, L. W., Simmering, J. A., & Roth, S. (2003). The CAP manual: Attributes of the capabilities awareness profile. Newton, Kansas: Prairie View, Inc.Google Scholar
- Kataria, M. (1999). Laugh for no reason. India: Madhuri International.Google Scholar
- Miller, M. (2005, March). Laughter helps blood vessels function better. Presentation at American College of Cardiology Scientific Session, Orlando, Florida.Google Scholar
- Provine, R. R. (2000). Laughter: A scientific investigation. New York: Penguin Books.Google Scholar