MnO2 doped polyaniline (PANI) grafted on 3D CNTs/graphene was fabricated using basic in situ redox deposition. The HRTEM and FESEM studies validate that MnO2 doped polyaniline (PANI) can be efficiently coated over the surface of CNTs/graphene. The incorporation of MnO2 in polyaniline well depicted by elemental mapping. The electrochemical studies showed that maximum specific capacitance of 1360 Fg−1 at 5 mV s−1 scan rate was achieved for the MnO2 doped PANI/CNTs/graphene composite, which was nearly 30% higher than 1160 Fg−1 of MnO2 doped PANI /CNTs and 50% more than the 600 Fg−1 of MnO2 doped PANI composite. Moreover, this composite provided a good cycling stability of 82% after 5000 cycles with mentionable capacitance retention. The incredible electrochemical performance is accredited mainly to the porous hierarchical architecture, which consisted of interconnected MnO2 doped PANI uniformly coated over the CNTs/graphene carbon framework.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
D.-H. Yeom, J. Choi, W.J. Byun, J.K. Lee, Manganese oxides nanocrystals supported on mesoporous carbon microspheres for energy storage application. Korean J. Chem. Eng. 33(10), 3029–3034 (2016)
A. Arslan, E. Hur, Electrochemical storage properties of polyaniline-, poly (N-methylaniline)-, and poly (N-ethylaniline)-coated pencil graphite electrodes. Chem. Pap. 68(4), 504–515 (2014)
M. Khan, G. Brunklaus, S. Ahmad, Probing the molecular orientation of chemically polymerized polythiophene-polyrotaxane via solid state NMR. Arab. J. Chem. 10(5), 708–714 (2017)
J. Wang, X. Li, X. Du, J. Wang, H. Ma, X. Jing, Polypyrrole composites with carbon materials for supercapacitors. Chem. Pap. 71(2), 293–316 (2017)
S. Grover, S. Shekhar, R.K. Sharma, G. Singh, Multiwalled carbon nanotube supported polypyrrole manganese oxide composite supercapacitor electrode: role of manganese oxide dispersion in performance evolution. Electrochim. Acta 116, 137–145 (2014)
A.K. Sharma, P. Bhardwaj, S.K. Dhawan, Y. Sharma, Oxidative synthesis and electrochemical studies of poly (aniline-co-pyrrole)-hybrid carbon nanostructured composite electrode materials for supercapacitor. Adv. Mater. Lett. 6(5), 414–420 (2015)
A.K. Sharma, Y. Sharma, Pseudocapacitive studies of polyaniline-carbon nanotube composites as electrode material for supercapacitor. Anal. Lett. 45(14), 2075–2085 (2012)
D. Liu, H. Wang, P. Du, W. Wei, Q. Wang, P. Liu, Flexible and robust reduced graphene oxide/carbon nanoparticles/polyaniline (RGO/CNs/PANI) composite films: excellent candidates as free-standing electrodes for high-performance supercapacitors. Electrochim. Acta 259, 161–169 (2018)
A.N. Golikanda, M. Bagherzadehc, Z. Shirazi, Evaluation of the polyaniline based nanocomposite modified with graphene nanosheet, carbon nanotube, and Pt nanoparticle as a material for supercapacitor. Electrochim. Acta 247, 116–124 (2017)
J. Shen, C. Yang, X. Li, G. Wang, High-performance asymmetric supercapacitor based on nanoarchitectured polyaniline/graphene/carbon nanotube and activated graphene electrodes. ACS Appl. Mater. Interface 5, 8467–8476 (2013)
Y. Liu, N. Wang, M. Yao, C. Yang, W. Hu, S. Komarneni, Porous Ag-doped MnO2 thin films for supercapacitor electrodes. J. Porous Mater. 24(6), 1717–1723 (2017)
F. Xiao, Y. Xu, Electrochemical co-deposition and characterization of MnO2/SWNT composite for supercapacitor application. J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 24(6), 1913–1920 (2013)
A. Ehsani, A.A. Heidari, H.M. Shiri, Electrochemical pseudocapacitors based on ternary nanocomposite of conductive polymer/graphene/metal oxide: an introduction and review to it in recent studies. Chem. Rec. 9(18), 15350–15363((2017)
J. Wang, L. Dong, C. Xu, D. Ren, X. Ma, F. Kang, Polymorphous supercapacitors constructed from flexible three dimensional carbon network/polyaniline/MnO2 composite textiles. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 10(13), 10851–10859 (2018)
Y. Jin, H. Chen, M. Chen, N. Liu, Q. Li, Graphene-patched CNT/MnO2 nanocomposite papers for the electrode of high-performance flexible asymmetric supercapacitors. ACS Appl. Mater. Interface 5(8), 3408–3416 (2013)
Z. Lei, F. Shi, L. Lu, Incorporation of MnO2-coated carbon nanotubes between graphene sheets as supercapacitor electrode. ACS Appl. Mater. Interface 4(2), 1058–1064 (2012)
H. Jiang, Y. Dai, Y. Hu, W. Chen, C. Li, Nanostructured ternary nanocomposite of rGO/CNTs/MnO2 for high-rate supercapacitors. ACS Sustain. Chem. Eng. 2(1), 70–74 (2013)
X. Huang, M. Kim, H. Suh, I. Kim, Hierarchically nanostructured carbon-supported manganese oxide for high-performance pseudo-capacitors. Korean J. Chem. Eng. 33(7), 2228–2234 (2015)
A. Thambidurai, J.K. Lourdusamy, J.V. John, S. Ganesan, Preparation and electrochemical behaviour of biomass based porous carbons as electrodes for supercapacitors—a comparative investigation. Korean J. Chem. Eng. 31(2), 268–275 (2014)
T. Hao, W. Wang, D. Yu, Flexible cotton-based supercapacitor electrode with high stability prepared by multiwalled CNTs/PANI. J. Electron. Mater. 47(7), 4108–4115 (2018)
K. Wang, J. Huang, Z. Wei, Conducting polyaniline nanowire arrays for high performance supercapacitors. J. Phys. Chem. C. 114(17), 8062–8067 (2010)
K. Zhang, L.L. Zhang, X. Zhao, J. Wu, Graphene/polyaniline nanofiber composites as supercapacitor electrodes. Chem. Mater. 22(4), 1392–1401 (2010)
S.I.A. Razak, A.L. Ahmad, S.H.S. Zein, Polymerisation of protonic polyaniline/multi-walled carbon nanotubes-manganese dioxide nanocomposites. J. Phys. Sci. 20(1), 27–34 (2009)
W. Wu, Y. Li, L. Yang, Y. Ma, X. Yan, Preparation and characterization of coaxial multiwalled carbon nanotubes/polyaniline tubular nanocomposites for electrochemical energy storage in the presence of sodium alginate. Synth. Met. 193, 48–57 (2014)
X. Du, M. Xiao, Y. Meng, Facile synthesis of highly conductive polyaniline/graphite nanocomposites. Eur. Polym. J. 40(7), 1489–1493 (2004)
H. Liu, Y. Wang, X. Gou, T. Qi, J. Yang, Y. Ding, Three-dimensional graphene/polyaniline composite material for high-performance supercapacitor applications. Mater. Sci. Eng.: B. 178(5), 293–298 (2013)
J. Yang, X. Wang, X. Wang, R. Jia, J. Huang, Preparation of highly conductive CNTs/polyaniline composites through plasma pretreating and in-situ polymerization. J. Phys. Chem. Solid. 71(4), 448–452 (2010)
Z.J. Han, D.H. Seo, S. Yick, J.H. Chen, K.K. Ostrikov, MnOx/carbon nanotube/reduced graphene oxide nanohybrids as high-performance supercapacitor electrodes. NPG Asia Mater. 6(10), e140 (2014)
P.K. Upadhyay, A. Ahmad, Chemical synthesis, spectral characterization and stability of some electrically conducting polymers. Chin. J. Polym. Sci. 28(2), 191–197 (2010)
L. Lamaita, M.A. Peluso, J.E. Sambeth, H.J. Thomas, Synthesis and characterization of manganese oxides employed in VOCs abatement. Appl. Catal. B: Environ. 61(1), 114–119 (2005)
Y. Li, H. Peng, G. Li, K. Chen, Synthesis and electrochemical performance of sandwich-like polyaniline/graphene composite nanosheets. Eur. Polym. J. 48(8), 1406–1412 (2012)
M. Villalobos, B. Lanson, A. Manceau, B. Toner, G. Sposito, Structural model for the biogenic Mn oxide produced by Pseudomonas putida. Am. Mineral. 91(4), 489–502 (2006)
H. Zhu, J. Luo, H. Yang, J. Liang, G. Rao, J. Li, Z. Du, Birnessite-type MnO2 nanowalls and their magnetic properties. J. Phys. Chem. C. 112(44), 17089–17094 (2008)
F. Yang, M. Xu, S.-J. Bao, Q.-Q. Sun, MnO2-assisted fabrication of PANI/MWCNT composite and its application as a supercapacitor. RSC Adv. 4(63), 33569–33573 (2014)
F. Meng, X. Yan, Y. Zhu, P. Si, Controllable synthesis of MnO2/polyaniline nanocomposite and its electrochemical capacitive property. Nanoscale Res. lett 8(1), 1–8 (2013)
A. Eftekhari, Energy efficiency: a critically important but neglected factor in battery research. Sustain. Energy Fuel 1, 2053–2060 (2017)
Y. Rangom, X. Tang, L.F. Nazar, Carbon nanotube-based supercapacitors with excellent AC line filtering and rate capability via improved interfacial impedance. ACS Nano 9, 7248–7255 (2015)
A. Eftekhari, M. Mohamedi, Tailoring pseudocapactive materials from a mechanistic perspective. Energy Storage Mater. 6, 211–229 (2017)
J. Song, M.Z. Bazant, Effects of nanoparticle geometry and size distribution on diffusion impedance of battery electrodes. J. Electrochem. Soc. 160, A15 (2013)
A. Eftekhari, The mechanism of ultrafast supercapacitors. J. Mater. Chem. A 6, 2866 (2018)
Ashok K. Sharma and Indu Kaushal are thankful to University Grants Commission (F. No. 42–345/2013 (SR)), New Delhi, India for providing financial assistance under the scheme of support for major research project.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Kaushal, I., Sharma, A.K., Saharan, P. et al. Superior architecture and electrochemical performance of MnO2 doped PANI/CNT graphene fastened composite. J Porous Mater 26, 1287–1296 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10934-019-00728-8
- Specific capacitance