Lithium-ion sieve (LIS) formation technology for Li+ recovery from seawater or brine is very important. In this article, the different types of H1.6Mn1.6O4 (HMO) composite adsorbents, including granular (HMO/PAN-G), nanofiber flat-sheet membrane (HMO/PAN-NM), flat-sheet membrane (HMO/PAN-FM), and hollow-fiber membrane (HMO/PAN-HFM) adsorbents, were prepared via the phase-inversion method using hydrophilic polyacrylonitrile (PAN) and Li1.6Mn1.6O4 (LMO) as the binder and precursor, respectively. The effects of the formation methods on the morphology, structure, and Li+ adsorption performance of the different types of HMO/PAN composite adsorbents were investigated. The adsorption performance of HMO/PAN-HFM was better than HMO/PAN-G and HMO/PAN-FM owing to its high porosity (88.1%). Results indicated that HMO/PAN-HFM (HMO = 50 wt%) exhibits optimal adsorption performance, with an optimum adsorption capacity of 18.1 mg g−1, corresponding to 91.4% of the adsorption capacity of HMO powder (19.8 mg g−1). Using Li+ solutions and simulated brine, the Li+ adsorption percentages were found to be 91.8% and 87.6%, respectively, at 12 h. The Li+ selectivity of HMO/PAN-HFM was 183–453 times those of other metal ions. These results indicate that PAN is an excellent carrier of HMO, and high-porosity HMO/PAN-HFM is promising as an LIS composite adsorbent.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Q. Yu, K. Sasaki, T. Hirajima, J. Hazard Mater. 262, 38 (2013)
P. Meshram, B.D. Pandey, T.R. Mankhand, Hydrometallurgy 150, 192 (2014)
M. Abe, M. Tsuji, J. Radioanal. Chem. 54, 137 (1979)
K. Ooi, Y. Miyai, S. Katoh, H. Maeda, M. Abe, Langmuir 5, 150 (1989)
X.M. Shen, A. Clearfield, J. Solid State Chem. 64, 270 (1986)
X. Yang, H. Kanoh, W. Tang, K. Ooi, J. Mater. Chem. 10, 1903 (2000)
S.Y. Sun, J.L. Xiao, J. Wang, X. Song, J.G. Yu, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 53, 15517 (2014)
H.J. Hong, I.S. Park, T. Ryu, J. Ryu, B.G. Kim, K.S. Chung, Chem. Eng. J. 234, 16 (2013)
G. Xiao, K. Tong, L. Zhou, J. Xiao, S. Sun, P. Li, J. Yu, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 51, 10921 (2012)
H.J. Hong, I.S. Park, J. Ryu, T. Ryu, B.G. Kim, K.S. Chung, Chem. Eng. J. 271, 71 (2015)
Y. Han, H. Kim, J. Park, Chem. Eng. J. 210, 482 (2012)
J.L. Xiao, S.Y. Sun, X. Song, P. Li, J.G. Yu, Chem. Eng. J. 279, 659 (2015)
L.W. Ma, B.Z. Chen, Y. Chen, X.C. Shi, Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 142, 147 (2011)
G.M. Nisola, L.A. Limjuco, E.L. Vivas, C.P. Lawagon, M.J. Park, H.K. Shon, N. Mittal, I.W. Nah, H. Kim, W.J. Chung, Chem. Eng. J. 280, 536 (2015)
G. Zhu, P. Wang, P. Qi, C. Gao, Chem. Eng. J. 235, 340 (2014)
M.J. Park, G.M. Nisola, E.L. Vivas, L.A. Limjuco, C.P. Lawagon, J.G. Seo, H. Kim, H.K. Shon, W.J. Chung, J. Membr. Sci. 510, 141 (2016)
W.J. Chung, R.E.C. Torrejos, M.J. Park, E.L. Vivas, L.A. Limjuco, C.P. Lawagon, K.J. Parohinog, S.P. Lee, H.K. Shon, H. Kim, G.M. Nisola, Chem. Eng. J. 309, 49 (2017)
K. Yoon, K. Kim, X. Wang, D. Fang, B.S. Hsiao, B. Chu, Polymer 47, 2434 (2006)
J.L. Xiao, S.Y. Sun, J. Wang, P. Li, J.G. Yu, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 52, 11967 (2013)
J. Wang, Q.Y. Jia, R.L. Guo, J.S. Zhang, CIESC J. 67, 4282 (2016)
W. Li, Z. Yang, G. Zhang, Q. Meng, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 52, 6492 (2013)
D.Q. Dong, W.N. Liu, Y.F. Liu, D.Q. Dong, W.N. Liu, Y.F. Liu, Chin. J. Inorg. Chem. 25, 1279 (2009)
J.S. Yuan, H.B. Yin, Z.Y. Ji, H.N. Deng, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 53, 9889 (2014)
R. Chitrakar, H. Kanoh, Y. Miyai, K. Ooi, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 40, 2054 (2001)
X. Shi, D. Zhou, Z. Zhang, L. Yu, H. Xu, B. Chen, X. Yang, Hydrometallurgy 110, 99 (2011)
T. Ryu, J. Shin, J. Ryu, I. Park, H. Hong, B.G. Kim, K.S. Chung, Mater. Trans. 54, 1029 (2013)
A. Umeno, Y. Miyai, N. Takagi, R. Chitrakar, A. Kohji Sakane, K. Ooi, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 41, 4281 (2002)
The authors would like to thank the Program for Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Research Team in University (IRT_15R46).
About this article
Cite this article
Jia, Q., Wang, J. & Guo, R. Preparation and characterization of porous HMO/PAN composite adsorbent and its adsorption–desorption properties in brine. J Porous Mater 26, 705–716 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10934-018-0662-8
- Lithium-ion sieve
- Porous structure
- Membrane adsorbent