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Journal of Porous Materials

, Volume 24, Issue 6, pp 1481–1496 | Cite as

Fe3O4@SiO2@TiO2-OSO3H: an efficient hierarchical nanocatalyst for the organic quinazolines syntheses

  • Ali MalekiEmail author
  • Tooraj Kari
  • Morteza Aghaei
Article

Abstract

A sulfonic acid functionalized titanium dioxide quasi-superparamagnetic nanocatalyst Fe3O4@SiO2@TiO2-OSO3H with average size of 61 nm and semispherical shape with surface area about 97 m2 g−1 with saturation magnetization 17.7 emu g−1 and the coercivity 9.84 Oe was successfully synthesized. The structure and morphology of the nanocatalyst was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction pattern, transmission electron microscopy, field-emission scanning electron microscopy, vibrating sample magnetometer and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller surface area analysis. The catalytic usage of the nanocatalyst was exemplified in synthesis of 2,3-dihydroquinazolin-4(1H)-one and spiroquinazolin-4(3H)-one derivatives in deep eutectic solvents (DESs) based on choline chloride and urea. We suggest that the synergistic effects in catalytic activities of titanium dioxide, organic acid and the CO2 capture property of DES are the main reasons for the improvement of catalytic activity. The synthesized spiroquinazolinones and dihydroquinazolinones derivatives were characterized by FT-IR, 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The magnetic nanocatalyst exhibit high catalytic activity and can be simply separated from reaction media by an external magnet in a few seconds and could be reused for six cycles without significant loos in activity, which indicates the good immobilization of sulfonic acid on the magnetic titanium dioxide support. Furthermore, the solvent which has been used in this work can be readily isolated and reused for several times.

Keywords

Magnetic nanocatalyst Sulfonated titanium dioxide Spiroquinazoline-4(3H)-ones 2,3-Dihydroquinazolin-4(1H)-ones Deep eutectic solvent 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the Research Council of the Iran University of Science and Technology.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Catalysts and Organic Synthesis Research Laboratory, Department of ChemistryIran University of Science and TechnologyTehranIran

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