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Factors controlling typhoons and storm rain on the Korean Peninsula during the Little Ice Age

Abstract

Documenting multi-decadal typhoon and storm-rain variability is useful to prevent future typhoon and flood disasters. We present the history of typhoon and storm-rain activity in East Asia inferred from multi-proxy analyses of Lagoon Hwajin-po sediments along the eastern coast of Korea. Anthropogenic effects were enhanced in Lagoon Hwajin-po since ca. AD 1900, by increasing farming in the catchment. To avoid these human-induced effects, we reconstructed the history of typhoon and storm-rain activity only for the interval AD 1400–1900. The record indicates that typhoon frequency throughout the Korean Peninsula varied in response to the state of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation. Typhoon variability was likely modulated further by the state of the East Asia summer monsoon (EASM) pattern, associated with variation in the magnitude of solar irradiance. During periods of minimum solar activity, such as the early Maunder Minimum (AD 1650–1675), typhoons struck the east China coast and Korean Peninsula more frequently because of a strengthened EASM.

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Acknowledgments

This research was supported by the research grant from the Korean Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries (PJT200538). We thank Dr. Thomas Cronin for his comments on an earlier draft and assistance with English. We are grateful to the constructive reviews provided by reviewers and the editor in charge.

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Correspondence to Dong-Yoon Yang.

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Katsuki, K., Yang, DY., Seto, K. et al. Factors controlling typhoons and storm rain on the Korean Peninsula during the Little Ice Age. J Paleolimnol 55, 35–48 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10933-015-9861-3

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Keywords

  • Historical typhoon
  • East Asia
  • El Niño/Southern Oscillation
  • Sediment core
  • Lagoon Hwajin-po
  • Little Ice Age