Journal of Paleolimnology

, Volume 55, Issue 1, pp 35–48 | Cite as

Factors controlling typhoons and storm rain on the Korean Peninsula during the Little Ice Age

  • Kota Katsuki
  • Dong-Yoon YangEmail author
  • Koji Seto
  • Moriaki Yasuhara
  • Hiroyuki Takata
  • Masashi Otsuka
  • Toshimichi Nakanishi
  • Yoonyeol Yoon
  • In-Kwon Um
  • Richard C. W. Cheung
  • Boo-Keun Khim
  • Kaoru Kashima
Original paper


Documenting multi-decadal typhoon and storm-rain variability is useful to prevent future typhoon and flood disasters. We present the history of typhoon and storm-rain activity in East Asia inferred from multi-proxy analyses of Lagoon Hwajin-po sediments along the eastern coast of Korea. Anthropogenic effects were enhanced in Lagoon Hwajin-po since ca. AD 1900, by increasing farming in the catchment. To avoid these human-induced effects, we reconstructed the history of typhoon and storm-rain activity only for the interval AD 1400–1900. The record indicates that typhoon frequency throughout the Korean Peninsula varied in response to the state of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation. Typhoon variability was likely modulated further by the state of the East Asia summer monsoon (EASM) pattern, associated with variation in the magnitude of solar irradiance. During periods of minimum solar activity, such as the early Maunder Minimum (AD 1650–1675), typhoons struck the east China coast and Korean Peninsula more frequently because of a strengthened EASM.


Historical typhoon East Asia El Niño/Southern Oscillation Sediment core Lagoon Hwajin-po Little Ice Age 



This research was supported by the research grant from the Korean Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries (PJT200538). We thank Dr. Thomas Cronin for his comments on an earlier draft and assistance with English. We are grateful to the constructive reviews provided by reviewers and the editor in charge.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kota Katsuki
    • 1
  • Dong-Yoon Yang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Koji Seto
    • 2
  • Moriaki Yasuhara
    • 3
  • Hiroyuki Takata
    • 4
  • Masashi Otsuka
    • 5
  • Toshimichi Nakanishi
    • 6
  • Yoonyeol Yoon
    • 7
  • In-Kwon Um
    • 8
  • Richard C. W. Cheung
    • 9
  • Boo-Keun Khim
    • 4
  • Kaoru Kashima
    • 5
  1. 1.Geological Research DivisionKorea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral ResourcesDaejeonKorea
  2. 2.Research Center for Coastal Lagoon EnvironmentShimane UniversityMatsueJapan
  3. 3.School of Biological Sciences, Swire Institute of Marine Science, and Department of Earth SciencesThe University of Hong KongPok Fu LamHong Kong
  4. 4.Department of OceanographyPusan National UniversityBusanKorea
  5. 5.Department of ScienceKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan
  6. 6.AIG Collaborative Research Institute for International Study on Eruptive History and InformaticsFukuoka UniversityFukuokaJapan
  7. 7.Geologic Environmental Research DivisionKorea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral ResourcesDaejeonKorea
  8. 8.Marine Research CenterKorea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral ResourcesDaejeonKorea
  9. 9.School of Biological Sciences and Swire Institute of Marine ScienceThe University of Hong KongPok Fu LamHong Kong

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