Journal of Paleolimnology

, Volume 54, Issue 2–3, pp 253–261

Characterizing clay mineralogy in Lake Towuti, Indonesia, with reflectance spectroscopy

  • Andrea K. Weber
  • James M. Russell
  • Timothy A. Goudge
  • Mark R. Salvatore
  • John F. Mustard
  • Satria Bijaksana
note

Abstract

We tested the use of visible to near-infrared (VNIR) reflectance spectroscopy to characterize the relative abundances of clay minerals in sediments from Lake Towuti, a large tectonic lake in Sulawesi, Indonesia. We measured VNIR spectra of lake and river sediments from Lake Towuti and its catchment to identify clay minerals, fit major VNIR absorption features with a modified Gaussian model to estimate relative abundances of these minerals, and compared these absorptions to the samples’ chemistry to test the utility of VNIR spectroscopy to characterize sediment compositional variations. We found that major absorptions are caused by vibrations of Al–OH in kaolinite (2.21 μm), Fe–OH in nontronite (2.29 μm), Mg–OH in saponite and serpentine (2.31 μm), and Mg–OH in serpentine (2.34 μm). This was confirmed with X-ray diffraction data. The correlations between absorption band areas for Fe–OH, Al–OH, and Mg–OH vibrations and Fe, Al and Mg concentrations, respectively, are statistically significant, varying between r = 0.51 and r = 0.90, and spatial variations in inferred clay mineralogy within the lake are consistent with variations in the geology of the catchment. We conclude that VNIR spectroscopy is an effective way to characterize the clay mineralogy of lake sediments, and can be used to investigate changes in mineral inputs to lake deposits.

Keywords

Clay mineralogy Lake sedimentology Paleolimnology Spectroscopy Modified Gaussian modeling 

Supplementary material

10933_2015_9844_MOESM1_ESM.doc (631 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 629 kb)

References

  1. Asikainen CA, Francus P, Brigham-Grette J (2006) Sedimentology, clay mineralogy and grain-size as indicators of 65 ka of climate change from El’gygytgyn Crater Lake, Northeastern Siberia. J Paleolimnol 37:105–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bishop JL, Pieters CM, Edwards JO (1994) Infrared spectroscopic analyses on the nature of water in montmorillonite. Clays Clay Miner 42:702–716CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bishop J, Madejová J, Komadel P, Fröschl H (2002) The influence of structural Fe, Al and Mg on the infrared OH bands in spectra of dioctahedral smectites. Clay Miner 37:607–616CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bishop JL, Lane MD, Dyar MD, Brown AJ (2008) Reflectance and emission spectroscopy study of four groups of phyllosilicates: smectites, kaolinite-serpentines, chlorites and micas. Clay Miner 43:35–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Burns RG (1993) Mineralogical applications of crystal field theory, 2nd edn. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Clark RN (1999) Spectroscopy of rocks and minerals, and principles of spectroscopy. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  7. Clark RN, King TVV, Klejwa M, Swayze GA, Vergo N (1990) High spectral resolution reflectance spectroscopy of minerals. J Geophys Res 95:12653–12680CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Clark RN, Swayze GA, Wise R, Livo E, Hoefen T, Kokaly R, Sutley SJ (2007) USGS digital spectral library splib06a. US Geol Surv Digit Data Ser, p 231Google Scholar
  9. Costa K, Russell JM, Bijaksana S, Vogel H (2015) Hydrological connectivity and mixing of Lake Towuti, Indonesia, in response to paleoclimatic changes of the past 60,000 years. Palaeogeogr Palaeoclimatol Palaeoecol 417:467–475CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ehlmann BL, Mustard JF, Fassett CI, Schon SC, Head JW III, Des Marais DJ, Grant JA, Murchie SL (2008) Clay minerals in delta deposits and organic preservation potential on Mars. Nat Geosci 1:355–358CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Farmer VC (1974) The infrared spectra of minerals. Mineralogical Society, LondonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gaffey SJ, McFadden LA, Nash D, Pieters CM (1993) Ultraviolet, visible, and near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy: laboratory spectra of geologic materials. In: Pieters CM, Englert PAJ (ed) Remote geochemical analysis: elemental and mineralogical composition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 43–77Google Scholar
  13. Golightly JP (1981) Nickeliferous laterite deposits. Econ Geol 75:710–735Google Scholar
  14. Grauby O, Petit S, Decarreau A, Baronnet A (1994) The nontronite-saponite series: an experimental approach. Eur J Mineral 6:99–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hunt GR (1977) Spectral signatures of particulate minerals in the visible and near infrared. Geophysics 42:501–513CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hunt GR, Salisbury JW (1970) Visible and near-infrared spectra of minerals and rocks: I silicate minerals. Mod Geol 1:283–300Google Scholar
  17. Johnson LJ (1970) Clay minerals in Pennsylvania soils* relation to lithology of the parent rock and other factors-I. Clays Clay Miner 18:247–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kadarusman A, Miyashita S, Maruyama S, Parkinson CD, Ishikawa A (2004) Petrology, geochemistry and paleogeographic reconstruction of the East Sulawesi Ophiolite, Indonesia. Tectonophysics 392:55–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. King TVV, Clark RN (1989) Spectral characteristics of chlorites and Mg-serpentines using high-resolution reflectance spectroscopy. J Geophys Res 94:13997–14008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Milliken RE, Bish DL (2010) Sources and sinks of clay minerals on Mars. Philos Mag 90:2293–2308CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Mitchell WA (1955) A review of the mineralogy of Scottish soil clays. J Soil Sci 6:94–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Murray RW, Miller DJ, Kryc KA (2000) Analysis of major and trace elements in rocks, sediments, and interstitial waters by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). ODP Technical NoteGoogle Scholar
  23. Mustard JF (1992) Chemical analysis of actinolite from reflectance spectra. Am Mineral 77:345–358Google Scholar
  24. Pieters CM (1983) Strength of mineral absorption features in the transmitted component of near-infrared reflected light: first results from RELAB. J Geophys Res 88:9534–9544CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Rosén P, Persson P (2006) Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIRS), a new method to infer past changes in tree-line position and TOC using lake sediment. J Paleolimnol 35:913–923CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Rosén P, Vogel H, Cunningham L, Reuss N, Conley DJ, Persson P (2010) Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, a new method for rapid determination of total organic and inorganic carbon and biogenic silica concentration in lake sediments. J Paleolimnol 43:247–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Sunshine JM, Pieters CM, Pratt SF (1990) Deconvolution of mineral absorption bands: an improved approach. J Geophys Res 95:6955–6966CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Viscarra Rossel RA, McGlynn RN, McBratney AB (2006) Determining the composition of mineral-organic mixes using UV–Vis–NIR diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. Geoderma 137:70–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Viscarra Rossel RA, Cattle SR, Ortega A, Fouad Y (2009) In situ measurements of soil colour, mineral composition and clay content by vis–NIR spectroscopy. Geoderma 150:253–266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Vogel H, Rosén P, Wagner B, Melles M, Persson P (2008) Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, a new cost-effective tool for quantitative analysis of biogeochemical properties in long sediment records. J Paleolimnol 40:689–702CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Yuretich R, Melles M, Sarata B, Grobe H (1999) Clay minerals in the sediments of Lake Baikal; a useful climate proxy. J Sediment Res 69:588–596CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrea K. Weber
    • 1
    • 3
  • James M. Russell
    • 1
  • Timothy A. Goudge
    • 1
  • Mark R. Salvatore
    • 1
    • 4
  • John F. Mustard
    • 1
  • Satria Bijaksana
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Earth, Environmental, and Planetary SciencesBrown UniversityProvidenceUSA
  2. 2.Global Geophysics Research Group, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum EngineeringInstitut Teknologi BandungBandungIndonesia
  3. 3.School of Engineering and Applied SciencesHarvard UniversityCambridgeUSA
  4. 4.School of Earth and Space ExplorationArizona State UniversityTempeUSA

Personalised recommendations