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Improved Occupational Performance of Young Adults with a Physical Disability After a Vocational Rehabilitation Intervention

Abstract

Purpose The purpose of this study was to investigate into more detail how occupational performance of participants of a 1-year multidisciplinary vocational rehabilitation intervention changed over time, using a broad focus on three areas of occupational performance, addressing work, as well as self-care and leisure. In addition, we explored differences between employed and unemployed persons. Methods In a pre-post-intervention design, changes in occupational performance, addressing work, self-care and leisure, were evaluated using the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) and the Occupational Performance History Interview (OPHI-II). Results Eleven young adults (median 22 years) with physical disabilities participated. Post-intervention, participants experienced fewer problems and showed improved occupational performance in work, as well as self-care and leisure, and improved satisfaction with performance. Participants also showed improved occupational identity and occupational competence, and total scores on OPHI-II. Participants who did not achieve employment did not differ in demographic characteristics. They experienced problems in all three areas of occupational performance at pre-intervention, and more difficulty in interacting in occupational settings (environment). Post-intervention, their levels of occupational identity, competence and settings were similar to those of employed persons. Conclusions Participants showed improved occupational performance after the intervention. The goal of employment and the broad integrated approach of the intervention seemed to motivate participants to resolve problems in work, as well as self-care and leisure. Unemployed persons faced problems in all three areas of occupational performance at start. Although they seemed to catch up during the intervention, they did not achieve employment within 1 year.

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Acknowledgments

The authors thank the young adults that participated in this study. We thank Gary Kielhofner for the inspiring communication and consultation in developing the intervention and the evaluation study, and dedicate this paper to his memory.This study was supported by funding from Johanna Children’s Fund (JKF) and Child Fund Adriaanstichting (KFA) (Arnhem, the Netherlands Grant Number 2005/0087-952), VSB-fonds (Grant Number 20051606) and the Dutch Employee Benefits Insurance Authority (UWV) (Grant Number IR/06svg01).

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Correspondence to Joan A. C. Verhoef.

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Verhoef, J.A.C., Roebroeck, M.E., van Schaardenburgh, N. et al. Improved Occupational Performance of Young Adults with a Physical Disability After a Vocational Rehabilitation Intervention. J Occup Rehabil 24, 42–51 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-013-9446-9

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Keywords

  • Young adults
  • Vocational rehabilitation
  • Physically disabled persons
  • Social participation
  • Activities of daily living
  • Self-management