Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation

, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 44–54 | Cite as

Bearing the Brunt: Co-workers’ Experiences of Work Reintegration Processes

  • Debra A. Dunstan
  • Ellen MacEachen


Purpose Work disability research has found co-worker support to be a significant but under-recognised aspect of work reintegration (WR) processes. Although co-workers work alongside returning workers, their practical contribution to WR success or failure is often invisible to others. This study aimed to gain further insight into the role and contribution of co-workers in WR interventions. Method An exploratory qualitative pilot study was conducted in Toronto, Canada in 2011. Three focus groups were conducted with 13 co-workers, recruited for their direct experience of ‘working alongside’ a returning worker. An iterative data gathering and analysis process occurred. Themes were generated from categories in open-ended interview questions and new issues arising from the data. Findings The findings detail co-workers’ practical experiences of WR processes and their reflections on social and work conditions that impacted their participation. Co-workers’ capacity to support returning workers was related to the quality of the WR arrangements, the relationship with the returning worker, work culture, and the duration of the required support. Workplace privacy and confidentiality requirements were identified as a key challenge for co-worker participation. The effects on co-workers of WR processes ranged from the opportunity to learn new skills to disillusionment and withdrawal from the workplace. In worst case scenarios, ‘ripple effects’ including emotional distress, physical injury and termination of co-workers’ employment had occurred. Conclusion Co-workers are not a neutral party in WR procedures. Formalizing the co-worker role to include communication, consideration and recognition might improve co-workers’ WR experiences.


Co-workers Return to work Work reintegration Injury management policy Managers 



This work was supported by the Work Disability Prevention Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) Strategic Training Program Grant (FRN: 53909). We thank the Institute for Work & Health for hosting the working visit that supported this research.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Discipline of Psychology, School of Behavioural, Cognitive and Social SciencesUniversity of New EnglandArmidaleAustralia
  2. 2.Institute for Work & HealthTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Dalla Lana School of Public HealthUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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