Thoracic Outlet Syndrome: Definition, Aetiological Factors, Diagnosis, Management and Occupational Impact

Abstract

Introduction Thoracic outlet syndrome is a controversial cause of neck and shoulder pain due to complex mechanisms involving muscular dysfunction and nerve compression. Although management of thoracic outlet syndrome must be based on a multidisciplinary approach, physicians and occupational therapist should be familiar with the principles of diagnosis and treatment. Method, results and conclusion The purpose of this article is to review the definitions, diagnosis and management of this syndrome. A particular emphasis was described on the links between the workplace and the individual in the pathogenesis, prevalence in the workforce and the course of this disease.

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Correspondence to Alexis Descatha.

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Laulan, J., Fouquet, B., Rodaix, C. et al. Thoracic Outlet Syndrome: Definition, Aetiological Factors, Diagnosis, Management and Occupational Impact. J Occup Rehabil 21, 366–373 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-010-9278-9

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Keywords

  • Thoracic outlet syndrome
  • Rehabilitation
  • Diagnosis
  • Occupational disease