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Structure Design, Performance Simulation and Plasticizing Properties of Bio-Based Copolyesters Plasticizer on PVC

Abstract

Plasticizer is an important assistant in the production process of polyvinyl chloride (PVC), which can effectively improve the plasticity of PVC. However, the durability and plasticizing effect of traditional phthalate plasticizers need to be further improved. In this paper, a variety of copolyesters are designed and synthesized from succinic acid, hexanediol and other four different diols. The plasticizing performance of the copolyester is characterized by FT-IR, H-NMR, XPS and DMA. It is found that the side chain groups in the structural units of the copolyester have a great influence on its plasticizing properties. The glass transition temperature of PVC plasticized by polybutylene succinate 3-chloro-1,2-propanediol ester (PSCH) is 8.1 ℃ lower than the temperature of PVC which is plasticized by DOP, and the elongation at break is increased by 104.7%. The obtained copolyester plasticizer with flexible long alkane chains and polar C–Cl groups shows improved solvent extraction resistance and better compatibility between plasticizer and PVC compared DOP. It is verified that the hydrogen bonding interaction between the C=O group of plasticizers and α-hydrogen of PVC exhibited in FT-IR, XPS and solubility parameters DS is the main reason for the effective plasticizing efficiency of PSCH on PVC.

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Acknowledgements

This work is supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (51872150), “QingChuang Science and Technology Plan” Project of Colleges and Universities in Shandong Province (2020KJC005), Shandong Provincial Natural Science Foundation (ZR2020ME077), Shandong Provincial Natural Science Foundation (ZR2019QB019) and Key Laboratory of Special Functional Aggregated Materials, Ministry of Education, P. R. China.

Funding

Funding were provided by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No.: 51872150, QingChuang Science and Technology Plan” Project of Colleges and Universities in Shandong Province (Grant No.: 2020KJC005), Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province (Grant No.: ZR2020ME077), Shandong Provincial Natural Science Foundation (Grant No.: ZR2019QB019), Key Laboratory of Special Functional Aggregated Materials, Ministry of Education, P. R. China.

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Correspondence to Yuetao Liu.

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Gao, C., Wang, Y., Gao, Y. et al. Structure Design, Performance Simulation and Plasticizing Properties of Bio-Based Copolyesters Plasticizer on PVC. J Polym Environ (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10924-022-02536-9

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10924-022-02536-9

Keywords

  • Copolyester
  • Plasticizer
  • PVC
  • Durability
  • MS simulation