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Competitive Adsorption of Pb(II) and Phenol Onto Modified Chitosan/Vermiculite Adsorbents

Abstract

Many industrial wastewaters are contaminated with both heavy metal ions and organic compounds, posing a major threat to public health and the ecosystem. In this work, pristine chitosan modified vermiculite (CSVT) with high specific surface area (17.24 m2/g) was prepared by drop-wise method and applied to simultaneous adsorption of Pb(II) and phenol from aqueous solution. The prepared adsorbents were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Brunauer, Emmett, Teller, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, Fourier-transform infrared, and scanning electron microscopy. The simultaneous adsorption performance was investigated systematically at different solution-pH, adsorbent dosage, initial Pb(II) and phenol concentrations, and contact time. Kinetic experiments indicated that the adsorption process of both pollutants could be better represented by a pseudo-second-order model. The maximal adsorption capacities of Pb(II) and phenol in the binary system depending on Langmuir isotherm model are 98.52 and 67.08 mg/g, respectively. In the binary adsorption system, the adsorption of one contaminant was not affected by the other adsorbed one. Finally, the results clearly showed that chitosan modified vermiculite had the ability to simultaneously adsorb Pb(II) and phenol.

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Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the Nuclear Science and Engineering Institute at the University of Missouri-Columbia, USA for allowing us working in their laboratories. In addition, the authors thank the Chemical Engineering Department at the University of Tikrit, Iraq for financial support of the experimental studies.

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The authors have not disclosed any funding.

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Correspondence to Suhaib S. Salih.

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Salih, S.S., Kadhom, M., Shihab, M.A. et al. Competitive Adsorption of Pb(II) and Phenol Onto Modified Chitosan/Vermiculite Adsorbents. J Polym Environ (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10924-022-02515-0

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10924-022-02515-0

Keywords

  • Chitosan
  • Pb(II)
  • Phenol
  • Vermiculite
  • Sustainable adsorbent
  • Adsorption