Biopolymer (Chitin) from Various Marine Seashell Wastes: Isolation and Characterization

  • Ernestine Alabaraoye
  • Mathew Achilonu
  • Robert Hester
Original Paper
  • 74 Downloads

Abstract

Chitin has been produced from different sea waste sources including, molluscs (mussel and oyster shell), crustacean (prawn and crab) and fish scale (pang and silver scales) using deproteinization and demineralization as chemical methods. The conditions of chemical extraction process determine the quality of chitin. The obtained results revealed that, about 1 and 10% HCl and NaOH were adequate concentrations for deproteinization and demineralization process respectively. Chitin from oyster and crab shell waste had the highest yield of 69.65 and 60.00% while prawn, mussel shell, pang and silver scales had the lowest yield of 40.89, 35.03, 35.07 and 31.11% respectively. Chitin solubility is controlled by the quantity of protonated acetyl groups within the polymeric chain of the chitin backbone, thus on the percentage of acetylated and non-acetylated d-glucos-acetamide unit. Good solubility results were obtained in mussel, oyster and crab shells respectively. The chitin molecular weight characteristics and activity are controlled by the degree of acetylation (DA) and the distribution of acetyl group extending in the polymer chain. DA is determined by acid-base titration methods and molecular weight determined by Brookfield viscometry. Both methods are found to be effective.

Keywords

Marine sea shell wastes Chitin Isolation Characterization 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ernestine Alabaraoye
    • 1
  • Mathew Achilonu
    • 1
  • Robert Hester
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Life Sciences, Faculty of Health and Environmental SciencesCentral University of TechnologyBloemfonteinSouth Africa

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