Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 26, Issue 5, pp 2096–2106 | Cite as

Adsorption Studies of PVA Based Thermosensitive Polymers in Heavy Metal Removal

  • Zehra Ozbas
  • Seyda Demir
  • Hasine Kasgoz
Original Paper


Thermosensitive copolymers were synthesized by grafting of N-isopropyl acrylamide (NIPAM) monomer onto crosslinked poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and characterized by FTIR, XRD, elemental and SEM-EDS analysis. Also, the swelling capacities, water release values and cloud points of the copolymers were determined. The removal of Cu(II), Ni(II) and Cd(II) ions was studied by using of the copolymers as solid phase extractor. Dodecyltrimethylammonium chloride (DTAC) was the extractant to complex with ions in the process. The copolymer adsorbs the metal–extractant complexes above its lower critical solution temperature (LCST) by hydrophobic interaction. Increasing the time and initial metal ion concentration caused an increase in the adsorption capacities, and the copolymer displayed S-type adsorption in Giles’s classification. The experimental data followed pseudo-second-order model, and the dominated adsorption mechanism was external mass diffusion. In addition, adsorption/desorption cycles presented the usability of the synthesized copolymer as sorbent for environmentally friendly processes.


Poly(vinyl alcohol) N-Isopropyl acrylamide Graft polymerization Metal ion adsorption Adsorption kinetics 



This work was supported by the Research Fund of Istanbul University, Project No: 21965.


  1. 1.
    Chantawong V, Harvey NW, Bashkin VN (2003) Water Air Soil Pollut 148:111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Arias F, Sen TK (2009) Colloid Surf A 348:100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bhattacharyya KG, Gupta SS (2008) Adv Colloid Interfac 140:114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yao ZY, Qi JH, Wang LH (2010) J Hazard Mater 174:137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wan Ngah WS, Teong LC, Hanafiah MAKM (2011) Carbohyd Polym 83:1446CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kara A, Uzun L, Besirli N, Denizli A (2004) J Hazard Mater 106:93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Duran A, Soylak M, Tuncel SA (2008) J Hazard Mater 155:114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ju XJ, Zhang SB, Zhou MY, Xie R, Yang L, Chu LY (2009) J Hazard Mater 167:114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Tokuyama H, Iwama T (2009) Sep Purif Technol 68:417CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Tokuyama H, Hisaeda J, Nii S, Sakohara S (2010) Sep Purif Technol 71:83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Tokuyama H, Yanagawa K, Sakohara S (2006) Sep Purif Technol 50:8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Tokuyama H, Iwama T (2007) Langmuir 23:13104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kanazawa R, Yoshida T, Gotoh T, Sakohara S (2004) J Chem Eng Jpn 37:59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Tokuyama H, Kanehara A (2007) React Funct Polym 67:136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kanazawa R, Mori K, Tokuyama H, Sakohara S (2004) J Chem Eng Jpn 37:804CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Tokuyama H, Kanazawa R, Sakohara S (2005) Sep Purif Technol 44:152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Tokuyama H, Fujioka M, Sakohara S (2005) J Chem Eng Jpn 38:633CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Tokuyama H, Naohara S, Fujioka M, Sakohara S (2008) React Funct Polym 68:182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kasgoz H, Ozbas Z, Esen E, Sahin CP, Gurdag G (2013) J Appl Polym Sci 130:4440Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Zhang Q, Tang Y, Zha L, Ma J, Liang B (2008) Eur Polym J 44:1358CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Emik S, Gurdag G (2006) J Appl Polym Sci 100:428CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Mansur HS, Sadahira CM, Souza AN, Mansur AAP (2008) Mater Sci Eng C 28:539CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Dos Reis EF, Campos FS, Lage AP, Leite RC, Heneine LG, Vasconcelos WL, Lobato ZIP, Mansur HS (2006) Mat Res 9:185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Uslu I, Başer B, Yaylı A, Aksu ML (2007) e-Polymers 145:1Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Wang L, Li J, Lin Y, Chen C (2009) Chem Eng J 146:71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Gupta KC, Khandekar K (2003) Biomacromolecules 4:758CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Carrillo F, Defays B, Colom X (2008) Eur Polym J 44:4020CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Singha AS, Shama A, Thakur VK (2008) Bull Mater Sci 31:7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Yang J, Hu DD, Zhang H (2012) React Funct Polym 72:438CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Nonaka T, Yoda T, Kurihara S (1998) J Polym Sci A 36:3097CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Lutz J, Akdemir Ö, Hoth A (2006) J Am Chem Soc 128:13046CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Zhang XZ, Yang YY, Wang FJ, Chung TS (2002) Langmuir 18:2013Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Kaneko Y, Sakai K, Kikuchi A, Yoshida R, Sakurai Y, Okano T (1995) Macromolecules 28:7717CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Giles CH, Smith D (1974) J Colloid Interf Sci 47:) 755Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Seki Y, Seyhan S, Yurdakoc M (2006) J Hazard Mater 138:60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Geffroy C, Cohen Stuart MA, Wong K, Cabane B, Bergeron V (2000) Langmuir 16:6422CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Graillot A, Djenadi S, Faur C, Bouyer D, Monge S, Robin JJ (2013) Water Sci Technol 67:1181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Takeshita K, Ishida K, Nakano Y, Matsumura T (2007) Chem Lett 36:1032CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Lagergren S, Sven K Vetenskapsakad Handlingar 24(1898):1Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Ho YS, McKay G (1999) Process Biochem 34:451CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Weber WJ Jr, Morris JC (1963) J Sanitary Eng Div ASCE 89:31Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Bilgili MS (2006) J Hazard Mater B 137:157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Emik S (2014) React Funct Polym 75:63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Wang L, Zhang J, Zhao R, Li Y, Li C, Zhang C (2010) Bioresource Technol 101:5808CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Wu FC, Tseng RL, Juang RS (2005) J Colloid Interf Sci 283:49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Hu XJ, Wang JS, Liu YG, Li X, Zeng GM, Bao ZL, Zeng XX, Chen AW, Long F (2011) J Hazard Mater 185:306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Chen H, Wang A (2007) J Colloid Interf Sci 307:309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Boyd GE, Adamson AW, Myers LS (1947) J Am Chem Soc 69:2836CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Reichenberg D (1953) J Am Chem Soc 75:589CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringÇankiri Karatekin UniversityÇankiriTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringIstanbul UniversityIstanbulTurkey

Personalised recommendations