Synthesis of N-Guanidinium-Chitosan/Silica Hybrid Composites: Efficient Adsorbents for Anionic Pollutants
A new chitosan derivative, N-guanidinium chitosan acetate, has been synthesized by direct guanylation of chitosan by cyanamide in presence of scandium(III) triflate under mild acidic condition. Starting from this material, N-guanidinium chitosan/silica microhybrids were prepared via a sol gel method using 3-glycidoxypropyl trimethoxysilane as silica precursor. Both N-guanidinium chitosan and the N-guanidinium chitosan/silica hybrid were characterized by a range of analytical techniques such as 29Si/13C solid state NMR, FT-IR, scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetry and elemental analysis. The characterization of the chitosan/silica hybrid indicated that this material is a highly hydrophilic nanocomposite material containing an organic core and a highly condensed silica shell. The N-guanidinium chitosan/silica microhybrids display excellent adsorption properties for anionic dyes such as methyl orange (MO) with very high capacities up to 917 mg/g. The fixation of MO as anionic dye was investigated in detail as a function of contact time, pH and the MO concentration. The adsorption kinetics of MO on N-guanidinium chitosan/silica microhybrids was more accurately described by pseudo second-order model. Langmuir isotherm model exhibited a better fit with adsorption data than Freundlich isotherm model. This work opens new possibilities for using N-guanidinium chitosan as a reusable adsorbent for water purification.
KeywordsChitosan Hybrid materials Hybrid silica Guanidinium Adsorption Water treatment
We thank the Université de Montpellier and the Egyptian Government for financial support. The authors are indebted to Christine Biolley for solid-state NMR measurements.
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