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Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 26, Issue 5, pp 1831–1843 | Cite as

Optimized Removal of Acid Blue 62 from Textile Waste Water by SBA-15/PAMAM Dendrimer Hybrid Using Response Surface Methodology

  • Maryam Mirzaie
  • Abosaeed Rashidi
  • Habib Allah Tayebi
  • Mohammad Esmail Yazdanshenas
Original Paper

Abstract

SBA-15/PAMAM Nano adsorbent was synthesized by the proficiency of SBA-15 as an original compound, 3-chloropropyltrimethoxysilane as a bridge chemical compound and polyamidoamine dendrimer (PAMAM) in the role of a multifunctional amine end group for adsorption of acid blue 62 (AB62) from aqueous media. The synthesized adsorbent was characterized by transmission electron microscope, field emission scanning electron microscope and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscope. A response surface methodology was employed to evaluate the simple and amalgamated factors of the operating variables subtending initial pH (2–12), adsorbent dosage(0.01–0.03 g), contact time (5–120 min), initial dye concentration (40–600 ppm) and temperature (25–45 °C) to optimize the operating statues of the treatment method. These parameters were altered at five levels pursuant to the central composite design to appraise their effects on AB62 removal through analysis of variance. Analysis of variance represented a high coefficient of definition amount (R2 = 0.9999) and acceptable prediction quadratic polynomial model was concluded which ascertain the suitability of the model and a high correlation among the predicted and empirical amounts. Utmost color removal efficiency was auspicated and empirically accredited. The optimum conditions relied on acquired results for AB62 removal were at an initial pH of 2, adsorbent dosage of 0.03 g SBA-15/PAMAM, dye concentration of 40 mg l−1, time contact of 60 min and temperature of 25 °C.

Keywords

Response surface methodology Polyamidoamine SBA-15 Dye removal 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maryam Mirzaie
    • 1
  • Abosaeed Rashidi
    • 1
  • Habib Allah Tayebi
    • 2
  • Mohammad Esmail Yazdanshenas
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Textile Engineering, Science and Research BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Textile EngineeringIslamic Azad University, Qaemshahr BranchQaemshahrIran
  3. 3.Department of Textile EngineeringIslamic Azad University, Yazd BranchYazdIran

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