Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 26, Issue 5, pp 1795–1803 | Cite as

Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticle Capped with Allium cepa and Their Catalytic Reduction of Textile Dyes: An Ecofriendly Approach

  • Prashansa Sharma
  • Suman Pant
  • Shambhavi Rai
  • Renu Bala Yadav
  • Vivek Dave
Original Paper


Today, environment pollution control is a matter of concern, everybody is willing to make a product that should be ecofriendly. Nowadays, water resources are full of untreated waste materials, discharge of hazardous and toxic dyes coming from textile and other chemical industries. These environmental hazards are difficult to remove by commercial water treatment plans, thus we need something that would present an efficient means for removal of these hazards. In this research paper, we have synthesize silver nanoparticle in a green way by using aqueous extract of Allium cepa (onion), and further these silver nanoparticle were tested for the catalytic degradation of various dyes by UV/Visible spectroscopy and silver nanoparticle showed reduction in dyes intensity after a particular period of incubation time. SEM and TEM, Particle size and Zeta potential analysis was done to analyze the surface morphology, particle size range and stability of the silver nanoparticle. Greenly synthesized silver nanoparticle was found to be spherical in shape, having particle size value ranged from 50 to 100 nm with a zeta potential value of −29 mV. An EDX spectroscopy method was used to confirm the presence of silver nanoparticle in the synthesized material. An X-ray crystallography was done to ensure the crystallinity of the silver nanoparticle. Further an ATR-FTIR was performed to confirm the capping of the silver nanoparticle with the phenolic group of the onion. All these study emphasized that silver nanoparticle capped with onion (AgNPs@Ac) is the excellent catalyst for the reduction of hazardous and toxic dyes as well as they serve best purpose of the eco-friendly approach.


AgNPs@Ac SEM TEM XRD ATR-FTIR Catalytic degradation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Prashansa Sharma
    • 1
  • Suman Pant
    • 1
  • Shambhavi Rai
    • 1
  • Renu Bala Yadav
    • 2
  • Vivek Dave
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Home ScienceBanasthali VidyapithBanasthaliIndia
  2. 2.Department of PharmacyBanasthali UniversityBanasthaliIndia

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