Food Industry Co-streams: Potential Raw Materials for Biodegradable Mulch Film Applications

  • Sanna Virtanen
  • Ravindra Reddy Chowreddy
  • Sibel Irmak
  • Kaisu Honkapää
  • Loren Isom
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10924-016-0888-y

Cite this article as:
Virtanen, S., Chowreddy, R.R., Irmak, S. et al. J Polym Environ (2016). doi:10.1007/s10924-016-0888-y


Vast amounts of co-streams are generated from plant and animal-based food processing industries. Efficient utilization of these co-streams is important from an economic and environmental perspective. Non-utilization or under-utilization of co-streams results in loss of potential revenues, increased disposal cost of these products and environmental pollution. At present, extensive research is taking place around the globe towards recycling of co-streams to generate value-added products. This review evaluates various co-streams from food processing industries as raw materials in developing biodegradable agricultural mulching applications. Among the agriculture-based co-streams, potato peels, tomato peels, carrot residues, apple pomace, coffee residues and peanut residues were reviewed with respect to production amount, composition, film forming components and film forming capabilities. Similarly, selected co-streams from slaughterhouses, poultry and fish processing industries were also reviewed and evaluated for the same purpose.


Mulch films Raw materials Food co-streams Biodegradable polymers 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sanna Virtanen
    • 1
  • Ravindra Reddy Chowreddy
    • 2
  • Sibel Irmak
    • 3
  • Kaisu Honkapää
    • 4
  • Loren Isom
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Fibres and Biobased MaterialsVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland LtdTampereFinland
  2. 2.Norner Research ASStathelleNorway
  3. 3.Biological Systems Engineering, 218 L.W. Chase HallUniversity of Nebraska LincolnLincolnUSA
  4. 4.Food BioprocessingVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland LtdEspooFinland
  5. 5.Industrial Agricultural Products CenterUniversity of Nebraska LincolnLincolnUSA

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