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Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 854–866 | Cite as

Chitin and Chitosan: Structure, Properties and Applications in Biomedical Engineering

  • S. IslamEmail author
  • M. A. Rahman Bhuiyan
  • M. N. Islam
Original Paper

Abstract

Chitin and its deacetylated derivative chitosan are natural polymers composed of randomly distributed β-(1-4)-linked d-glucosamine (deacetylated unit) and N-acetyl-d-glucosamine (acetylated unit). Biopolymers like chitin and chitosan exhibit diverse properties that open up a wide-ranging of applications in various sectors especially in biomedical science. The latest advances in the biomedical research are important emerging trends that hold a great promise in wound-healing management products. Chitin and chitosan are considered as useful biocompatible materials to be used in a medical device to treat, augment or replace any tissue, organ, or function of the body. A body of recent studies suggests that chitosan and its derivatives are promising candidates for supporting materials in tissue engineering applications. This review article is mainly focused on the contemporary research on chitin and chitosan towards their applications in numerous biomedical fields namely tissue engineering, artificial kidney, skin, bone, cartilage, liver, nerve, tendon, wound-healing, burn treatment and some other useful purposes.

Keywords

Chitin Chitosan Tissue engineering Wound-healing Burn treatment Antimicrobial application 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Textile EngineeringDhaka University of Engineering and Technology, DUETGazipurBangladesh
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryDhaka University of Engineering and Technology, DUETGazipurBangladesh

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