Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 617–627 | Cite as

Effect of High Content of Deinking Paper Sludge (DPS) on the Reinforcement of HDPE

  • Manel Haddar
  • Ahmed Elloumi
  • Ahmed Koubaa
  • Chedly Bradai
  • Sebastien Migneault
  • Foued Elhalouani
Original Paper

Abstract

Deinking paper sludge (DPS)/high density polyethylene (HDPE) composites with and without coupling agent (3 % of maleated polyethylene (MAPE)) were manufactured by twin-screw extrusion followed by injection molding with high percentages of DPS (0, 20, 30 and 40 %). The effects of DPS content and MAPE on the mechanical, thermal, and morphological properties of the DPS/HDPE composites were investigated. Increasing DPS content in composites increased the tensile and flexural modulus (E; MOE), tensile and flexural strength (Rm; MOR), while decreased elongation at break and Un-notched impact resistance due to a poor adhesion between the DPS and HDPE. The addition of DPS also improved the thermal stability and increased the composites crystallinity. High content of DPS (40 %) and 3 % MAPE achieved good interfacial adhesion between fibres of DPS and HDPE. Therefore, an increase is observed for Rm, MOR, ductility, and impact toughness.

Keywords

Deinking paper sludge Maleated polyethylene DPS/HDPE composites Thermal characterization Mechanical properties 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manel Haddar
    • 1
  • Ahmed Elloumi
    • 1
  • Ahmed Koubaa
    • 2
  • Chedly Bradai
    • 1
  • Sebastien Migneault
    • 2
  • Foued Elhalouani
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire des Systèmes Electro-Mécaniques (LASEM), Unité Physique et Mécaniques des Matériaux (UPMM)Ecole Nationale d’Ingénieurs de Sfax (ENIS)SfaxTunisie
  2. 2.Laboratoire de biomatériauxUniversité du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue (UQAT)Rouyn-NorandaCanada

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