Advertisement

Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 24, Issue 4, pp 328–333 | Cite as

PLA Chemical Recycling Process Optimization: PLA Solubilization in Organic Solvents

  • F. Gironi
  • S. Frattari
  • V. Piemonte
Original Paper

Abstract

The recycling of used, post-industrial and post-consumer PLA is crucial to reduce both the consumption of renewable resources for the monomer synthesis and the environmental impact related to its production and disposal. Several processes are actually available: among these, there is a particular interest on the chemical recycling of PLA with production of its monomer. The aim of this work is to analyse the PLA dissolution behaviour in different organic solvents (acetone and Ethyl lactate) at different water concentrations in order to optimize the chemical depolymerisation process of PLA. New experimental data are presented and a kinetic model is provided for a first analysis. Preliminary results suggest that acetone based solvents (i.e., acetone water mixtures at various concentrations) are more effective to solubilize the PLA rather than the Ethyl-lactate based solvent. Anyway, an increase of water concentration in the solvent phase, determines both a reduction of the solvent power and a reduction of mass transport coefficient for the two solvents tested.

Keywords

PLA Chemical recycling Organic solvent Kinetic study 

References

  1. 1.
    Hakkarainen M (2002) Aliphatic polyesters: abiotic and biotic degradation and degradation products. Adv Polym Sci 157:113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Piemonte V, Gironi F (2011) Bioplastics and petroleum-based plastics: strengths and weaknesses. Energy Source Part A Energy Recover Environ Eff 33:1949–1959Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Piemonte V, Gironi F (2012) Bioplastics and GHGs saving: the land use change (LUC) emissions issue. Energy Source Part A Energy Recover Environ Eff 34(21):1995–2003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Piemonte V, Gironi F (2011) Land use change emissions: how green are the bioplastics? Environ Prog Sustain Energy 30(4):685–691CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Piemonte V (2011) Bioplastic wastes: the best final disposition for energy saving. J Polym Environ 19:988–994CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gironi F, Piemonte V (2011) Life cycle assessment of PET and PLA bottles for drinking water. Environ Prog Sustain Energy 30(3):459–468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Piemonte V, Sabatini S, Gironi F (2013) Chemical recycling of PLA: a great opportunity towards the sustainable development? J Polym Environ 21(3):640–647CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Liang Z, Zhang M, Ni X, Li X, Shen Z (2013) Ring-openingpolymerization of cyclic esters initiated by lithium aggregatecontaining bis(phenolate) and enolate mixed ligands. Inorg Chem Commun 29:145–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Noda M, Okuyama H (1999) Thermal catalytic depolymerisationof poly(L-lactic acid) oligomer into LL-lactide: effects of Al, Ti, Zn and Zr compounds as catalysts. Chem Pharm Bull 47:467–471CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Henton DE, Gruber P, Lunt J, Randall J (2005) Polylactic acidtechnology. In: Mohanty K, Misra M, Drzal LT (eds) Naturalfibers. CRC Press, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Proikakis CS, Mamouzelos NJ, Tarantili PA, Andreopulos AG (2006) Swelling and hydrolytic degradation of poly(d, l-lacticacid) in aqueous solutions. Polym Degrad Stab 91:614–619CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Inkinen S (2011) Structural modification of poly(lactic acid) bystep-growth polymerization and Stereocomplexation, Ph.D Thesis, Chemical Engineering Department, Abo Akademi UniversityGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Tsuji H, Daimon H, Fujie K (2003) A new strategy for recyclingand preparation of poly(l-lacticacid): hydrolysis in the melt. Biomacromolecules 4:835–840CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Tsuji H, Saeki T, Tsukegi T, Daimon H, Fujie K (2008) Comparativestudy on hydrolytic degradation and monomer recoveryof poly(l-lactic acid) in the solid and in the melt. Polym Degrad Stab 93:1956–1963CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Brake LD, Subramanian NS (1993) US Patent 5,229,5281993Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Brake LD (1993) Recovery of polyhydroxy acids. US Patent 526,461,4Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Coszach P, Bogaert JC, Willocq J Chemical recycling of PLA byalcoholysis. WO Patent 2010/118955 AGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Xiuyan S, Hui W, Xuequn Y, Fusheng L, Shitao Y, Shiwei L (2014) Hydrolysis of poly(lactic acid) into calcium lactate using ionic liquid [Bmim][OAc] for chemical recycling. Polym Degrad Stab 110:65–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Plichta A, Lisowska P, Kundys A, Zychewicz A, Debowski M, Florjanczyk Z (2014) Chemical recycling of poly(lactic acid) via controlled degradation with protic (macro)molecules. Polym Degrad Stab 108:288–296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Carne Sanchez A, Collinson SR (2011) The selective recycling of mixed plastic waste of polylactic acid and polyethylene terephthalate by control of process conditions. Eur Polym J 47(10):1970–1976CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Codari F, Lazzari S, Soos M, Storti G, Morbidelli M, Moscatelli D (2012) Kinetics of the hydrolytic degradation of poly (lactic acid). Polym Degrad Stab 97:2460e–2466eCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Chen GX, Kim HS, Kim ES, Yoon JS (2006) Synthesis of high-molecular-weight poly(l-lactic acid) through the direct condensation polymerization of l-lactic acid in bulk state. Eur Eur 42:468–472Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Gruber PR, Hall ES, Kolstad JJ, Iwen ML, Benson RD, Borchardt RL (1992) Continuous process for manufacture of lactide polymers with controlled optical purity. US Patent 514,202,3Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering Materials and EnvironmentUniversity of Rome La SapienzaRomeItaly
  2. 2.Faculty of EngineeringUniversity Campus Bio-Medico of RomeRomeItaly

Personalised recommendations