Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation

, Volume 33, Issue 3, pp 317–326 | Cite as

Air-Coupled Impact-Echo Delamination Detection in Concrete Using Spheres of Ice for Excitation

  • Brian A. Mazzeo
  • Anjali N. Patil
  • Randy C. Hurd
  • Jeffrey M. Klis
  • Tadd T. Truscott
  • W. Spencer Guthrie
Article

Abstract

The aims of this paper are to demonstrate that ice can be used as a suitable impactor to excite the acoustic modes in concrete associated with delaminations and to compare ice sphere impacts with traditional steel ball impacts. Simultaneous acoustic recordings and high-speed photography of representative low-velocity impacts with parametric analysis compare impact characteristics of steel balls and ice spheres on intact and delaminated concrete. These results agree qualitatively with Hertzian contact theory for low-velocity impacts. Excitation of concrete using continuous impacts of ice spheres of multiple sizes and a frequency analysis allows the acoustic signature of delaminations to be classified. The use of ice as an impactor for excitation of acoustic modes in concrete is thus demonstrated.

Keywords

Impact-echo Concrete Ice 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian A. Mazzeo
    • 1
  • Anjali N. Patil
    • 1
  • Randy C. Hurd
    • 2
  • Jeffrey M. Klis
    • 1
  • Tadd T. Truscott
    • 2
  • W. Spencer Guthrie
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringBrigham Young UniversityProvoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringBrigham Young UniversityProvoUSA
  3. 3.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringBrigham Young UniversityProvoUSA

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