Persuasion Support Systems (PSS) for health behavior change can play an important role in promoting health and well-being through physical activity. It is an emerging application at the crossroad between information systems, persuasion, and healthcare. We propose an ontology to systematically and systemically describe the construct of PSS for health behavior change. The ontology deconstructs the construct into its constituent dimensions and elements, and assembles them into a complete, parsimonious description of the same. We then map the corpus of literature on PSS for health behavior change through physical activity onto the ontology. The resulting ontological map highlights the research topics that are highly- and lightly-emphasized, as well as those with little or no emphasis. It illuminates the landscape of research in the corpus; it highlights biases in emphases that can help and hinder the advancement of the corpus. It can be used to develop a roadmap for future research.
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Appendix 1: Glossary
Appendix 1: Glossary
|Information System Support: Support provided by persuasive support systems|
|Reduction: Reduce effort users expend when performing target behavior|
|Tunneling: Guide users in attitude change by providing means for action that brings them closer to target behavior|
|Tailoring: Provide tailored info for user groups|
|Personalization: Offer personalized content and services for users|
|Self-monitoring: Provide means for users to track their performance or status|
|Simulation: Provide means for observing link between cause & effect with regard to users’ behavior|
|Rehearsal: Provide means for rehearsing target behavior|
|Suggestion: Suggest users carry out behaviors while using the system|
|Similarity: Imitate its users in some specific way|
|Praise: Use praise via words, images, symbols, sounds to provide user feedback based on behaviors|
|Rewards: Provide virtual rewards for users to give credit for performing target behavior|
|Liking: Have a look & feel that appeals to users|
|Reminders: Remind users of their target behavior while using the system|
|Support: Adopt a social role|
|Expertise: Provide info showing knowledge, experience & competence|
|Verifiability: Provide means to verify accuracy of site content via outside sources|
|Surface Credibility: Have competent look & feel|
|Real-World Feel: Provide info of the organization/actual people behind it content & services|
|Trustworthiness: Provide info that is truthful, fair & unbiased|
|Authority: Refer to people in the role of authority|
|Endorsements: Provide endorsements from respected sources|
|Recognition: Provide public recognition for users who perform their target behavior|
|Facilitation: Provide means for discerning others who are performing the behavior|
|Cooperation: Provide means for co-operation|
|Competition: Provide means for competing with others|
|Learning: Provide means to observe others performing their target behaviors to see outcome of their behavior|
|Comparison: Provide means for comparing performance with the performance of others|
|Influence: Provide means for gathering people who have same goal & make them feel norms|
|Persuasion: Persuade the user|
|Action: Persuasive action of the system|
|Reinforce: Reinforce the object of persuasion|
|Modify: Modify the object of persuasion|
|Change: Change the object of persuasion|
|Focus: Focus of the persuasion|
|Knowledge: Knowledge of the user|
|Attitude: Attitude of the user|
|Behavior: Behavior of the user|
|Health: Outcomes of healthcare of users|
|Quality: Quality of healthcare of users|
|Safety: Safety of healthcare of users|
|Cost: Cost of healthcare of users|
|Parity: Parity of healthcare of users|
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Win, K.T., Ramaprasad, A. & Syn, T. Ontological Review of Persuasion Support Systems (PSS) for Health Behavior Change through Physical Activity. J Med Syst 43, 49 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10916-019-1159-y
- Health behavior change
- Physical activity