Use of Bioimpedianciometer as Predictor of Mountain Marathon Performance

  • Vicente Javier Clemente-Suarez
  • Pantelis Theodoros Nikolaidis
Education & Training
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Latest Technology Trends in Health Sciences (TEEM 2016)

Abstract

This study aimed to examine the relation among body composition, training experience and race time during a mountain marathon. Body composition and training pre-race experience analyses were conducted previous to a mountain marathon in 52 male athletes. A significant correlation between race time and mountain marathon with chronological age, body fat mass, percentage of body fat (BF), level of abdominal obesity, sport experience and daily training volume was revealed. In addition, BF and athlete’s chronological age were negatively associated with race performance. In contrast, the daily training volume was positively associated with mountain marathon time. A regression analysis showed that race time could be predicted (R2 = .948) by the daily training load, sports experience, age, body fat mass, BF and level of abdominal obesity. The comparison between performance groups regarding to body composition and training characteristics showed that the higher performance group was lighter with lower BF, fat mass and level of abdominal obesity, and with more days of training per week compared with the lower performance group (p < .05). Therefore, coaches and fitness trainers working with mountain marathon runners should develop exercise and nutritional strategies to reduce BF and consider increasing mean daily training volume to improve performance.

Keywords

Body fat Correlation analysis Ultra-endurance mountain performance 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Funding

None.

Conflict of Interest

None.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vicente Javier Clemente-Suarez
    • 1
  • Pantelis Theodoros Nikolaidis
    • 2
  1. 1.Applied Psychophysiological Research GroupEuropean University of MadridMadridSpain
  2. 2.Department of Physical and Cultural EducationHellenic Army AcademyAthensGreece

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