Breast cancer is a leading cause of death nowadays in women throughout the world. In developed countries, it is the most common type of cancer in women, and it is the second or third most common malignancy in developing countries. The cancer incidence is gradually increasing and remains a significant public health concern. The limitations of mammography as a screening and diagnostic modality, especially in young women with dense breasts, necessitated the development of novel and more effective strategies with high sensitivity and specificity. Thermal imaging (thermography) is a noninvasive imaging procedure used to record the thermal patterns using Infrared (IR) camera. The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of using thermal imaging as a potential tool for detecting breast cancer. In this work, we have used 50 IR breast images (25 normal and 25 cancerous) collected from Singapore General Hospital, Singapore. Texture features were extracted from co-occurrence matrix and run length matrix. Subsequently, these features were fed to the Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier for automatic classification of normal and malignant breast conditions. Our proposed system gave an accuracy of 88.10%, sensitivity and specificity of 85.71% and 90.48% respectively.
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Authors thank Goh Yan Kun and Abdul Mutalib Bin Abdul Hamid for helping in running the codes, and acknowledge and thank Dr. Llewellyn Sim, Senior Consultant, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore, for providing the thermogram images.
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Acharya, U.R., Ng, E.Y.K., Tan, JH. et al. Thermography Based Breast Cancer Detection Using Texture Features and Support Vector Machine. J Med Syst 36, 1503–1510 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10916-010-9611-z
- Breast cancer
- Support vector machine