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Journal of Mammalian Evolution

, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 119–129 | Cite as

Bank Voles in Southern Eurasia: Vicariance and Adaptation

  • Ronan Ledevin
  • Pascale Chevret
  • Zeycan Helvaci
  • Johan R. Michaux
  • Sabrina RenaudEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

Phylogeographic lineages are interpreted as the product of repeated isolation in glacial refugia, leading to vicariant differentiation. Being restricted to a given geographic area could also promote adaptive divergence in response to local conditions. The role of phylogeny and climate in the evolution of the bank vole (Myodes glareolus) was investigated here, focusing on molar tooth shape, a morphological feature related to the exploitation of food resources. A balanced role of phylogeny and climate was demonstrated. Response to environmental factors led to morphological convergence of bank voles from different lineages living in similar environments, and to within-lineage divergence in extreme environments. An important interaction of climate and phylogeny was found, suggesting that each lineage is living in a particular environment. This lineage-specific adaptation to a range of environmental conditions may have conditioned the potential of post-glacial recolonization of each lineage. Morphological covariation with environmental conditions further highlights the potential of adaptation of this species.

Keywords

Myodes glareolus Geometric morphometrics Morphological convergence Tooth shape Third lower molar Arvicoline rodent 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Frank Sauvage and Jean-Pierre Quéré for having provided some of the bank voles considered in this study. The comments of Jeremy Searle and an anonymous reviewer contributed to improve this manuscript. ZH was supported by Tübitak (The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey). The project EDENext supported the collection of some specimens included in this study.

Supplementary material

10914_2016_9368_MOESM1_ESM.tif (99.6 mb)
Supplementary Figure 1: Maximum likelihood phylogeny for the dataset with a genetic/morphometric match. The bootstrap support of the main lineages is indicated. (TIFF 102008 kb)
10914_2016_9368_MOESM2_ESM.xls (219 kb)
Supplementary Table 1: Dataset used for the analyses. Specimen and Code: identification of the specimens. CF_A2 to CF_D10: Fourier coefficients. PC1 to PC5: scores along the first five PCs of the morphometric analysis. CA1 to CA10: scores of the canonical variate analysis on the Fourier coefficients. PCOA1 to PCOA5: scores on the axes of the PCOA on the phylogenetic data. PCclim1 to PCclim5: scores on the axes of the PCA on the bioclimatic data. (XLS 219 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire de Biométrie et Biologie Evolutive, UMR5558Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, CNRSVilleurbanneFrance
  2. 2.UMR5199 PACEAUniversité de BordeauxPessacFrance
  3. 3.Laboratoire de génétique de la conservationUniversité de Liège, Institut de Botanique (Bat. 22)LiègeBelgium
  4. 4.Aksaray Üniversitesi Fen Edebiyat FakültesiMerkez/AksarayTurkey

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